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Commentary - Year 1 Sabbath 28

Genesis 29:31-30:20   -   Isaiah 60:15   -   (No Psalm)   -   Revelation 19:1-21
 

 

Tishrei 19, 5762 /  Oct   6, 2001

Tishrei 17, 5765 /  Oct   2, 2004

Tishrei 17, 5768 / Sept 29, 2007

Tishrei 17, 5771 / Sept 25, 2010

Tishrei 17, 5774 / Sept 21, 2013 

Tishrei 20, 5777 /Oct 22, 2016The sixth day of Hag Sukkot / Feast of Tabernacles - the Marriage of the Lamb

 

Tishrei 22 /Oct 24, 2016 is Shemini Atzeret / Eighth Day Assembly  -  about Messiah dwelling with His Bride.

 

Vayara Yahweh / Yahweh Saw   SCRIPTURES should be read first  

 

The Last Great Day (seventh day) of Hag Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles) represents the Sabbath Millennium – the thousand-year reign of Messiah; it is known as “the climax of the downfall of the power of the nations.” It is followed by the “Eighth Day,” representing the restoration, when Yeshua will dwell with us on the renewed earth.

 

V.30:20 Then Leah said, “God has endowed me with a good gift; now my husband will dwell with me, because I have borne him six sons.”

Rev 21:3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, "Behold, the tabernacle of God is among men, and He shall dwell with them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself shall be among them.”

 

Jacob had twelve sons in seven years:

Leah bore

Reuben in year 1 (near end of year),

Simeon in year 2,

Levi      in year 3,

Judah    in year 4;

Bilhah (Rachel's maid) bore

Dan        in year 4,

Naphtali in year 5;

Zilpah (Leah's maid) bore

Gad    in year 5,

Asher in year 6;

Leah bore

Issachar in year 6 (after Reuben brought mandrakes),

Zebulun in year 7 (and also Dinah);

Rachel bore

Joseph      in year 7,

Benjamin in year 8, after leaving Haran.

 

(V.32) Leah bore a son and named him Re-u-ven / Behold, a son!, for she said, "Because Yahweh (mercy) has seen my affliction; surely now my husband will love me." Reuven literally means “see between,” prophetically signifying “see the difference between my son and (Isaac’s first son) Esau.” Esau voluntarily sold his birthright to Jacob, then sought to kill Jacob; Reuven did not give up his birthright to Joseph voluntarily, but did not complain, and tried to save Joseph from the pit.

(V.33) "Because Yahweh (Eternal who is Gracious/Merciful) has heard that I am unloved, He has therefore given me this son also." So she named him Shi-mon.

(V.34) "Now this time my husband will become attached (an escort) to me, because I have borne him three sons." Therefore he was named Le-vi. Levi, a tribe of priests, was destined to escort many to their heavenly Father.

(V.35) "This time I will praise Yahweh (the Eternal who is Gracious/Merciful)." Therefore she named him Ye-hu-dah / Praiser of Yahweh.

 

The names of these children indicate that Jacob became increasingly loving toward Leah with each child: first it could be seen that Leah was unloved, then it could only be heard in the tone of Jacob’s voice that she was unloved, then she only wished to be loved as much as her sister.

 

30:1 Now when Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children, she became jealous of her sister; and she said to Jacob, "Give me children, or else I die." 2 Then Jacob's anger burned against Rachel, and he said, "Am I in the place of Elohim (Creator who Judges), who has withheld from you the fruit of the womb?" 3 And she said, "Here is my maid Bilhah, go in to her, that she may bear on my knees, that through her I too may have children."

5 And Bilhah conceived and bore Jacob a son. 6 Then Rachel said, "Elohim has vindicated me, and has indeed heard my voice and has given me a son." Therefore she named him Dan / Judge.

7 and bore Jacob a second son. 8 So Rachel said, "With mighty wrestlings I have wrestled with my sister, and I have indeed prevailed." And she named him Naphtali / Wrestlings.

 

10 And Leah's maid Zilpah bore Jacob a son. 11 Then Leah said, "How fortunate!" So she named him Gad / Fortune.

12 And a second son. 13 Then Leah said, "Happy am I! For women will call me happy." So she named him Asher / Happiness.

 

Amen* 14 Now in the days of wheat harvest Reuben went and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them to his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, "Please give me some of your son's mandrakes." 15 But she said to her, "Is it a small matter for you to take my husband? And would you take my son's mandrakes also?" So Rachel said, "Therefore he may lie with you tonight in return for your son's mandrakes." 16 When Jacob came in from the field in the evening, then Leah went out to meet him and said, "You must come in to me, for I have surely hired you with my son's mandrakes." So he lay with her that night.

 

17 And God gave heed to Leah, and she conceived and bore Jacob a fifth son. 18 Then Leah said, "God has given me my wages, because I gave my maid to my husband." So she named him Yissachar / RecompenseYissachar has two s’s, representing Leah’s words, “sachor sechar-ticha,” rewards for giving her handmaid to her husband, and for hiring out of the dudaim (mandrakes). Because of the dudaim incident, Yissachar was conceived: he clung to the Torah more than any other tribe, making a fragrant aroma ascend up to God – as “dudaim give forth a fragrance” (SS 7:14) [From Zohar].

19 And Leah conceived again and bore a sixth son to Jacob. 20 Then Leah said, "God has endowed me with a good gift; now my husband will dwell with me, because I have borne him six sons." So she named him Zebulun / Honor.

 

The names of the tribes prophetically tell the story of Israel: Reuven – “I have seen (raoh raiti) the affliction of My people (Ex 3:7); Shimon – “God heard (sh’ma) their groaning” (Ex 2:24); Levi – “Many nations shall join themselves (lava) to Yahweh” (Zech 2:15); Yehuda – “In that day you shall say, ‘Yahweh, I will praise (yadah) You’ ” (Isa 12:1); Dan – Upon the nation which they shall serve will I execute judgment” (dan) (Gen 13:14); Naphtali – “Sweetness drips (nataph) from your lips” (SS 4:11); Gad – recalls manna, like coriander (gad) seed (Num 11:7); Asher – recalls redemption, “All the nations shall call you fortunate (ashar) (Mal 3:12); (Note: three names are omitted in the midrashic explanation.) Yoseph – “Yahweh shall set His hand again (yasaph) a second time to recover the remnants of His people” (Isa 11:11).

 

Here is the story: God saw the affliction of His people under Egyptian bondage. He heard their groaning. Many nations joined themselves to Yahweh. In that day they said, “Yahweh, I will praise You.” Upon Egypt God executed judgment. He fed Israel with bread from heaven, like coriander seed. He redeemed His fortunate people, and will again, in the future, recover a remnant of His people.

 

We are in the midst of the Feast of Tabernacles, which represents different futures for two groups of people.

 

Unbelievers – idolaters – will experience the wrath of God upon this earth – the beginning of the last war. Seventy bullocks, offered over the seven days, represent the seventy nations of this world which will become one kingdom under Messiah. Isaiah 66:15: “For behold, Yahweh will come in fire and His chariots like the whirlwind, to render His anger with fury, and His rebuke with flames of fire.” This will be ultimately fulfilled in the battle that begins just before, and ends just after, the Great Last Day, the Sabbath Millennium. We see some details in Revelation 19:15-16: And from His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may smite the nations; and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, "KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS."

 

Believers – partakers of the Abrahamic Covenant – will experience the greatest time of rejoicing that this world has ever seen: the Marriage Feast of the Lamb. As Leah said (Genesis 30:20), “Now my husband will dwell with me. As we read in Revelation 19:7-9, “The marriage of the Lamb has come, and His Bride has made herself ready. . . Blesses are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.”

 

Readings:

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who chose us from among all peoples by giving us Your Torah.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

 

Tabernacles Day 6 Sabbath

Num 29:20-22

Reader 1*

Amen. 12 'On the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work, and you shall observe a feast to Yahweh for seven days.

 

29 'Then on the sixth day: eight bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs one year old without defect; 30 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number according to the ordinance; 31 and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offerings.

 

Ex 33:12-34:26

Reader 2*

Amen. 5 Yahweh descended in the cloud and stood there with (Moses) as he called upon the name of Yahweh. 6 Then Yahweh passed by in front of him and proclaimed, "Yahweh, Yahweh God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth; 7 who keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished,

 

Reader 1* Amen 31 Now Yahweh saw that Leah was unloved, and He opened her womb, but Rachel was barren. 32 Leah conceived and bore a son and named him Reuben, for she said, "Because Yahweh has seen my affliction; surely now my husband will love me." 33 Then she conceived again and bore a son and said, "Because Yahweh has heard that I am unloved, He has therefore given me this son also." So she named him Simeon. 34 She conceived again and bore a son and said, "Now this time my husband will become attached to me, because I have borne him three sons." Therefore he was named Levi. 35 And she conceived again and bore a son and said, "This time I will praise Yahweh." Therefore she named him Judah. Then she stopped bearing.

Reader 2* Amen 30:1 Now when Rachel saw that she bore Jacob no children, she became jealous of her sister; and she said to Jacob, "Give me children, or else I die." 2 Then Jacob's anger burned against Rachel, and he said, "Am I in the place of God, who has withheld from you the fruit of the womb?" 3 She said, "Here is my maid Bilhah, go in to her that she may bear on my knees, that through her I too may have children."

Reader 3* Amen 4 So she gave him her maid Bilhah as a wife, and Jacob went in to her. 5 Bilhah conceived and bore Jacob a son. 6 Then Rachel said, "God has vindicated me, and has indeed heard my voice and has given me a son." Therefore she named him Dan. 7 Rachel's maid Bilhah conceived again and bore Jacob a second son. 8 So Rachel said, "With mighty wrestlings I have wrestled with my sister, and I have indeed prevailed." And she named him Naphtali.

Reader 4* Amen 9 When Leah saw that she had stopped bearing, she took her maid Zilpah and gave her to Jacob as a wife. 10 Leah's maid Zilpah bore Jacob a son. 11 Then Leah said, "How fortunate!" So she named him Gad. 12 Leah's maid Zilpah bore Jacob a second son. 13 Then Leah said, "Happy am I! For women will call me happy." So she named him Asher.

Reader 5* Amen 14 Now in the days of wheat harvest Reuben went and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them to his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, "Please give me some of your son's mandrakes." 15 But she said to her, "Is it a small matter for you to take my husband? And would you take my son's mandrakes also?" So Rachel said, "Therefore he may lie with you tonight in return for your son's mandrakes."

Reader 6* Amen 16 When Jacob came in from the field in the evening, then Leah went out to meet him and said, "You must come in to me, for I have surely hired you with my son's mandrakes." So he lay with her that night. 17 God gave heed to Leah, and she conceived and bore Jacob a fifth son. 18 Then Leah said, "God has given me my wages because I gave my maid to my husband." So she named him Issachar.

Reader 7* Amen 19 Leah conceived again and bore a sixth son to Jacob. 20 Then Leah said, "God has endowed me with a good gift; now my husband will dwell with me, because I have borne him six sons." So she named him Zebulun. 21 Afterward she bore a daughter and named her Dinah.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

______________________

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who selected good prophets, delighting in their words which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,

and the prophets of truth and righteousness."

 

Isaiah 60:15

Reader 8* Amen 15 "Whereas you have been forsaken and hated With no one passing through, I will make you an everlasting pride, A joy from generation to generation.

 

[No Psalm]

 

Revelation 19

Reader 9* Amen 1 After these things I heard something like a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying, "Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God; 2 because His judgments are true and righteous; for He has judged the great harlot who was corrupting the earth with her immorality, and He has avenged the blood of His bond-servants on her." 3 And a second time they said, "Hallelujah! Her smoke rises up forever and ever." 4 And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God who sits on the throne saying, "Amen. Hallelujah!" 5 And a voice came from the throne, saying, "Give praise to our God, all you His bond-servants, you who fear Him, the small and the great."

Reader 10* Amen 6 Then I heard something like the voice of a great multitude and like the sound of many waters and like the sound of mighty peals of thunder, saying, "Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns. 7 "Let us rejoice and be glad and give the glory to Him, for the marriage of the Lamb has come and His bride has made herself ready." 8 It was given to her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean; for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints. 9 Then he said to me, "Write, 'Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.'" And he said to me, "These are true words of God." 10 Then I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, "Do not do that; I am a fellow servant of yours and your brethren who hold the testimony of Yeshua; worship God. For the testimony of Yeshua is the spirit of prophecy."

Reader 11* Amen 11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war. 12 His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written on Him which no one knows except Himself. 13 He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, were following Him on white horses. 15 From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty. 16 And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, "KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS." 17 Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds which fly in midheaven, "Come, assemble for the great supper of God, 18 so that you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of commanders and the flesh of mighty men and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them and the flesh of all men, both free men and slaves, and small and great."

Reader 12* Amen 19 And I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies assembled to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. 20 And the beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns with brimstone. 21 And the rest were killed with the sword which came from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Rock of Ages, righteous throughout all generations.

You are the faithful God, promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,

for all Your words are true and righteous.

Faithful are You, Yahweh our God, and faithful are Your words,

for no word of Yours shall remain unfulfilled;

You are a faithful and merciful God and King.

Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."

 


© 2004  Beikvot HaMashiach
(Followers of the Messiah)