Kislev 9, 5762 /
Nov 24, 2001
Kislev 7, 5765 / Nov 20, 2004
Kislev 7, 5768 / Nov 17, 2007
Kislev 7, 5771 / Nov 13, 2010
Kislev 6, 5774 / Nov
Kislev 10, 5777 / Dec 10, 2016
SCRIPTURES should be read first
subject of God’s sovereignty is not well accepted doctrine.
Many of Yeshua’s followers left Him over it. It is not so
much hard to understand, as it is hard for ego-centric man
was saying, ‘For this reason I have said to you, that no one
can come to Me unless it has been granted him from the
Father.’ As a result of this many of His disciples withdrew
and were not walking with Him anymore” – John 6:65-66.
“leave” over it, we should take a hard look at what God says
about it, and not look for excuses. We should look for the
total Biblical picture, and not ignore some passages while
trying to interpret others as “contradictory”. [ While much
discussion and question is anticipated, time constraints
will only allow touching on this subject here. ]
sovereign, and He rules through various means. He rules over
all of His creation. In every blessing, we start with: “Blessed
are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe” –
acknowledging that He is ruler of all creation. God is
neither sovereign only over some things, nor only when He
chooses to overrule someone else. He has His way with kings
and commoners, and no one can thwart His purposes. We
“worms” do not even have the standing to question what He
Yahweh, and there is none else.
I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and
create evil: I Yahweh do all these things”
– Isaiah 45:6-7.
king’s heart is like channels of water in the hand of
Yahweh; He turns it wherever He wishes” – Proverbs 21:1.
of a man plans his way, but Yahweh directs his steps” –
“(The Most High) does according to His will in the host
of heaven and among the inhabitants of earth; and no one can
ward off His hand or say to Him, ‘What have You done?’ ”
– Daniel 4:35.
that Yahweh was the first cause of disastrous weather,
destruction by enemies, and disabling disease. Job did not
thus lie, nor misunderstand God.
Satan brought all of these calamities to Job, we read: “
‘Yahweh gave, and Yahweh has taken away; blessed be the name
Yahweh’. In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God
foolishly” – Job 1:21-22.
the terms predestination and free will:
means predetermination of one’s destiny. It is an unpopular
Biblical term. God has predetermined our destinies. That is
unpopular Biblical doctrine.
He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He
also justified; and these whom He justified, He also
glorified” – Romans 8:30. [ Foreknowledge, in the
previous verse, refers to a relationship before creation; it
does not refer to God choosing on the basis of foreseen
action by man. ]
“He predestined us to adoption as sons through Messiah
Yeshua to Himself, according to the kind intention of His
will . . . we have obtained an inheritance, having been
predestined according to His purpose who works all things
after the counsel of His will” –
Ephesians 1:5, 11.
that man’s will is free is never mentioned by a Biblical
writer. The term “free will” is never found in the
Bible (excepting where some translations call variable
offerings “free will offerings” – these are required
offerings, but amounts are not specified). A common great
misunderstanding here seems to come from people hearing “Man
does not have a will”, when we are really saying “Man has a
will that is not free”. Man’s will is determined by many
factors – seen and unseen; genetic, environmental, and
spiritual; but ultimately, God is the first cause of all.
Responsibility is not predicated upon free will. That is, we
are responsible for our actions, in spite of God’s
sovereignty. This seems to be the major stumbling block.
whomsoever He wills, for His own purposes: He does not
choose according to man’s works, neither actual nor
foreseen. Man does not choose to believe because of his
heritage, nor because of his own “free will”, nor because of
persuasion by someone else.
said, “You did not choose Me, but I chose you” – John
as many as received Him, to them He had given the right to
become children of God, even to those who believe in His
name, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the
flesh nor of the will of man, but of God” – John
proud, and wants to be in the place of God – in control. Man
wants to make God in his own image, and put God under his
response is, “We are not robots”. The Bible does not speak
about robots, pro or con. This is a catch word for excusing
that He hates sinners – “all workers of iniquity”
(Psalm 5:5). But do we understand that God creates that
which He hates? He creates vessels of dishonor, for the
purpose of destroying them. He created Satan for the purpose
of his being a destroyer.
said (even anticipating the reaction) “So then He has
mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires.
You will say to me then, ‘Why does He still find fault? For
who resists His will?’ On the contrary, who are you, O man,
who answers back to God? The thing molded will not say to
the molder, ‘Why did you make me like this,’ will it? Or
does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from
the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for
common use? What if God, although willing to demonstrate His
wrath and to make His power known, endured with much
patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction? And He
did so to make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of
mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory” – Romans
said, “I have created the waster to destroy” – Isaiah
to Israel, offering salvation. But many could not respond.
said, “Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and
stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to
gather your children together, the way a hen gathers her
chicks under her wings, and you were unwilling” –
knew from the beginning who they were that would believe
not, and who should betray him” – John 6:64.
you do not believe because you are not of My sheep. My sheep
hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; and I
give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and
no one will snatch them out of My hand. My Father, who has
given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to
snatch them out of the Father's hand” – John 10:26-29.
this reason they could not believe, because Isaiah said
again ‘He has blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart;
so that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand
with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them’
” – John 12:39-40.
Now, we are
to hate sin; we are required to repent and overcome sin. We
should care that sinners face punishment. Nevertheless, in
our future glorified state, we will see the punishment of
the wicked, and still be at total peace.
crouches at the door, and desires to overcome you, but you
must overcome it” – Genesis 4:7.
for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand” – Matthew 3:2,
4:17. Repentance means turning from sin to God.
my heart’s desire and my prayer to God for them is for
their salvation” – Romans 10:1. Salvation is from sin
(Exodus 32:32) and Paul (Romans 9:3) cared enough that they
would have offered their own lives as a ransom for other
sinners, but only Yeshua could and did so (John 10:15).
“You will only look on
with your eyes and see the recompense of the wicked” –
our perspective, we are responsible to repent and believe.
From God’s perspective, He has made the determinations from
before the foundation of the world. So, why are we told
this? So that we will recognize Him as sovereign, and be
humble and thankful.
“Priesthood of the Firstborn.”
commandments were taught from Adam, through the priesthood
of the firstborn: Seth, Enosh, Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared,
Hanokh, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah (#10), Shem, Abraham,
Isaac, and Jacob. Adam’s lifespan overlapped Methuselah’s by
243 years, Methuselah’s overlapped Shem’s by 98 years, and
Shem’s overlapped Jacob’s by 50 years! Shem’s lifespan
completely covered Abraham’s. There were few required
transmissions of the original commandments, and those were
available through multiple concurrent witnesses.
see in action positive commandment number 216 of the 613,
before being given to Moses (Deu 25:5): a deceased man’s
brother shall raise up children for his deceased brother by
the deceased’s wife. Judah took a wife, Tamar, for his
firstborn son, Er; because Er was evil, God killed him.
Judah then gave Tamar to his second son, Onan; because Onan
practiced abnormal sex, to avoid raising up children for his
deceased brother, God killed him. Judah then feared to give
Tamar to his third son, Shelah: this initiated the sins
between Judah and Tamar.
also see acknowledgment of violating negative commandment
number 343 of the 613, (Leviticus 18:15) a man shall not
have relations with his daughter-in-law.
it came about at that time, that Judah went down from his
always implies going down spiritually, as well as
three sons by an unnamed Canaanite (the daughter of Shua),
then twin sons by his daughter-in-law, Tamar: David, and
thus Yeshua, came through one of the twins.
46:12 “And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah,
and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the
land of Canaan.”
“Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy
hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's
children shall bow down before thee.”
Numbers 1:5-7 "These
then are the names of the men who shall stand with you: of
Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur; of Simeon, Shelumiel the
son of Zurishaddai; of Judah, Nahshon the son of
Matthew 1:3-16 “And
to Judah were born Perez and Zerah by Tamar; and to
Perez was born Hezron; and to Hezron, Ram; and to Ram
was born Amminadab; and to Amminadab, Nahshon; and to
Nahshon, Salmon; and to Salmon was born Boaz by Rahab; and
to Boaz was born Obed by Ruth; and to Obed, Jesse; and to
Jesse was born David the king. And to David was born
Solomon by her who had been the wife of Uriah; and to
Solomon was born Rehoboam; and to Rehoboam, Abijah; and to
Abijah, Asa; and to Asa was born Jehoshaphat; and to
Jehoshaphat, Joram; and to Joram, Uzziah; and to Uzziah was
born Jotham; and to Jotham, Ahaz; and to Ahaz, Hezekiah; and
to Hezekiah was born Manasseh; and to Manasseh, Amon; and to
Amon, Josiah; and to Josiah were born Jeconiah and his
brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon. And
after the deportation to Babylon, to Jeconiah was born
Shealtiel; and to Shealtiel, Zerubbabel; and to Zerubbabel
was born Abihud; and to Abihud, Eliakim; and to Eliakim,
Azor; and to Azor was born Zadok; and to Zadok, Achim; and
to Achim, Eliud; and to Eliud was born Eleazar; and to
Eleazar, Matthan; and to Matthan, Jacob; and to Jacob was
born Joseph the husband of Mary, by whom was born Yeshua,
who is called The Messiah.”
“What if God,
willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power
known, (Reprobation – 2 Thess 2:11-12) endured with
much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction?
And He did so in order that (Election – v.8:33)
He might make known the riches of His
glory upon vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand
for glory, even us, whom He also called, not from among Jews
only, but also from among Gentiles.
As He says
also in Hosea,
‘I will call those who were (lo ami) not My people,
(ami atah) “My people,” And her who was (lo racham)
not beloved, (racham) “beloved.” And it shall be
that in the place where it was said to them, “you are
(lo ami) not My people,” There they shall be called (benei
El-chai) sons of the living God.’
cries out concerning Israel, ‘Though the number of the sons
of Israel be as the sand of the sea, it is the remnant that
will be saved; for the Lord will execute His word upon the
earth, thoroughly and quickly.’ And just as Isaiah foretold,
‘Except the Lord of Hosts had left to us a posterity, we
would have become as Sodom, and would have resembled
” – Romans 9::23-29.
So we can
clearly see, it was not because of the merits of Judah that
he was given high position by God: it was altogether by the
election of Grace – Judah’s sin is atoned for by Yeshua, and
he will one day be finally redeemed, completely whole.
Concerning Judah and Israel, Jeremiah 31:34 reads,
will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember
And salvation is
not only for the physical descendants of Abraham: there will
be a remnant of Israel, and people of all nations. “For
thus says Yahweh, ‘Sing aloud with gladness for Jacob, and
shout among the chiefs of the nations; proclaim, give
praise, and say, “O Yahweh, save Thy people, the remnant of
’ ” – Jeremiah 31:7. “And I will bless those who bless
you, and the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all
the families of the earth shall be blessed” – Genesis
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who chose us from among all peoples by
giving us Your Torah.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
Reader 1* Amen.
1 And it came about at that time, that Judah
departed from his brothers and visited a certain Adullamite,
whose name was Hirah. 2 Judah saw there a
daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was Shua; and he
took her and went in to her. 3 So she conceived
and bore a son and he named him Er. 4 Then she
conceived again and bore a son and named him Onan. 5
She bore still another son and named him Shelah; and it was
at Chezib that she bore him.
Reader 2* Amen.
6 Now Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn,
and her name was Tamar. 7 But Er, Judah's
firstborn, was evil in the sight of Yahweh, so Yahweh took
his life. 8 Then Judah said to Onan, "Go in to
your brother's wife, and perform your duty as a
brother-in-law to her, and raise up offspring for your
brother." 9 Onan knew that the offspring would
not be his; so when he went in to his brother's wife, he
wasted his seed on the ground in order not to give offspring
to his brother. 10 But what he did was
displeasing in the sight of Yahweh; so He took his life
also. 11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law
Tamar, "Remain a widow in your father's house until my son
Shelah grows up"; for he thought, "I am afraid that he too
may die like his brothers." So Tamar went and lived in her
Reader 3* Amen.
12 Now after a considerable time Shua's daughter,
the wife of Judah, died; and when the time of mourning was
ended, Judah went up to his sheepshearers at Timnah, he and
his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 13 It was told
to Tamar, "Behold, your father-in-law is going up to Timnah
to shear his sheep." 14 So she removed her
widow's garments and covered herself with a veil, and
wrapped herself, and sat in the gateway of Enaim, which is
on the road to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah had grown up,
and she had not been given to him as a wife.
Reader 4* Amen.
15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a
harlot, for she had covered her face. 16 So he
turned aside to her by the road, and said, "Here now, let me
come in to you"; for he did not know that she was his
daughter-in-law. And she said, "What will you give me, that
you may come in to me?" 17 He said, therefore, "I
will send you a young goat from the flock." She said,
moreover, "Will you give a pledge until you send it?"
18 He said, "What pledge shall I give you?" And she
said, "Your seal and your cord, and your staff that is in
your hand." So he gave them to her and went in to her, and
she conceived by him. 19 Then she arose and
departed, and removed her veil and put on her widow's
Reader 5* Amen.
20 When Judah sent the young goat by his friend
the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman's hand,
he did not find her. 21 He asked the men of her
place, saying, "Where is the temple prostitute who was by
the road at Enaim?" But they said, "There has been no temple
prostitute here." 22 So he returned to Judah, and
said, "I did not find her; and furthermore, the men of the
place said, 'There has been no temple prostitute here.'"
23 Then Judah said, "Let her keep them, otherwise
we will become a laughingstock. After all, I sent this young
goat, but you did not find her."
Reader 6* Amen.
24 Now it was about three months later that Judah
was informed, "Your daughter-in-law Tamar has played the
harlot, and behold, she is also with child by harlotry."
Then Judah said, "Bring her out and let her be burned!"
25 It was while she was being brought out that she
sent to her father-in-law, saying, "I am with child by the
man to whom these things belong." And she said, "Please
examine and see, whose signet ring and cords and staff are
these?" 26 Judah recognized them, and said, "She
is more righteous than I, inasmuch as I did not give her to
my son Shelah." And he did not have relations with her
Reader 7* Amen.
27 It came about at the time she was giving
birth, that behold, there were twins in her womb. 28
Moreover, it took place while she was giving birth, one put
out a hand, and the midwife took and tied a scarlet thread
on his hand, saying, "This one came out first." 29
But it came about as he drew back his hand, that behold, his
brother came out. Then she said, "What a breach you have
made for yourself!" So he was named Perez. 30
Afterward his brother came out who had the scarlet thread on
his hand; and he was named Zerah.
Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living
Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets, delighting
in their words which were spoken truthfully.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the
Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and the prophets of truth and
Amen. 31 "The surviving remnant of the house
of Judah will again take root downward and bear fruit
upward. 32 "For out of Jerusalem will go forth a
remnant and out of Mount Zion survivors. The zeal of Yahweh
of hosts will perform this."' 33 "Therefore, thus
says Yahweh concerning the king of Assyria, 'He will not
come to this city or shoot an arrow there; and he will not
come before it with a shield, or throw up a siege ramp
against it. 34 'By the way that he came, by the
same he will return, and he will not come to this city,'
declares Yahweh. 35 'For I will defend this city
to save it for My own sake and for My servant David's
sake.'" 36 Then the angel of Yahweh went out and
struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when men
arose early in the morning, behold, all of these were dead.
37 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed and
returned home and lived at Nineveh.
Psalm 31 (To
be sung.) For the choir director. A Psalm of David.
1 In You, O
Yahweh, I have taken refuge; let me never be ashamed; in
Your righteousness deliver me. 2 Incline Your ear
to me, rescue me quickly; be to me a rock of strength, a
stronghold to save me. 3 For You are my rock and
my fortress; for Your name's sake You will lead me and guide
me. 4 You will pull me out of the net which they
have secretly laid for me, for You are my strength. 5
Into Your hand I commit my spirit; You have ransomed me, O
Yahweh, God of truth. 6 I hate those who regard
vain idols, but I trust in Yahweh. 7 I will
rejoice and be glad in Your lovingkindness, because You have
seen my affliction; You have known the troubles of my soul,
8 and You have not given me over into the hand of
the enemy; You have set my feet in a large place. 9
Be gracious to me, O Yahweh, for I am in distress; my eye is
wasted away from grief, my soul and my body also. 10
For my life is spent with sorrow and my years with sighing;
my strength has failed because of my iniquity, and my body
has wasted away. 11 Because of all my
adversaries, I have become a reproach, especially to my
neighbors, and an object of dread to my acquaintances; those
who see me in the street flee from me. 12 I am
forgotten as a dead man, out of mind; I am like a broken
vessel. 13 For I have heard the slander of many,
terror is on every side; while they took counsel together
against me, they schemed to take away my life. 14
But as for me, I trust in You, O Yahweh, I say, "You are my
God." 15 My times are in Your hand; deliver me
from the hand of my enemies and from those who persecute me.
16 Make Your face to shine upon Your servant;
save me in Your lovingkindness. 17 Let me not be
put to shame, O Yahweh, for I call upon You; let the wicked
be put to shame, let them be silent in Sheol. 18
Let the lying lips be mute, which speak arrogantly against
the righteous with pride and contempt. 19 How
great is Your goodness, which You have stored up for those
who fear You, which You have wrought for those who take
refuge in You, before the sons of men! 20 You
hide them in the secret place of Your presence from the
conspiracies of man; You keep them secretly in a shelter
from the strife of tongues. 21 Blessed be Yahweh,
for He has made marvelous His lovingkindness to me in a
besieged city. 22 As for me, I said in my alarm,
"I am cut off from before Your eyes"; nevertheless You heard
the voice of my supplications when I cried to You. 23
O love Yahweh, all you His godly ones! Yahweh preserves the
faithful and fully recompenses the proud doer. 24
Be strong and let your heart take courage, all you who hope
Amen. 22 What if God, although willing to
demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured
with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for
destruction? 23 And He did so to make known the
riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy, which He prepared
beforehand for glory, 24 even us, whom He
also called, not from among Jews only, but also from among
Gentiles. 25 As He says also in Hosea, “I will
call those who were not My people, ‘My people,’ And her who
was not beloved, ‘beloved.’ 26 And it shall be
that in the place where it was said to them, ‘you are not My
people,’ There they shall be called sons of the living God.”
27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, “Though
the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea,
it is the remnant that will be saved; 28 for the
Lord will execute His word upon the earth, thoroughly and
quickly.” 29 And just as Isaiah foretold, “Except
the Lord of Hosts had left to us a posterity, we would have
become as Sodom, and would have resembled Gomorrah.”
"Blessed are You, Yahweh
our God, King of the Universe,
Rock of Ages, righteous
throughout all generations.
You are the faithful God,
promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,
for all Your words are true
Faithful are You, Yahweh
our God, and faithful are Your words,
for no word of Yours shall
You are a faithful and
merciful God and King.
Blessed are You, Yahweh our
God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."