Iyyar 8, 5762 / April 20, 2002
Iyyar 12,5765 / May 21, 2005
Iyyar 12,5768 / May 17, 2008
Iyyar 10,5771 / May 14, 2011
Iyyar 10,5774 / May 10, 2014
Iyyar 10,5777 / May 6, 2017
Yasa Moshe /
Moses Caused Them to Journey
SCRIPTURES (should be read first)
To recap the
story, as it relates to our redemption:
fourteen the Passover Lambs were slain and the blood put on the doorposts,
prefiguring Yeshua’s crucifixion on that date.
On the first
day of Unleavened Breads, Israel traveled from the world’s Treasure City (Rameses)
to a Temporary Dwellingplace (Sukkot) where they could begin to mature in God’s
way. Then they traveled to “Away from Them” (Etham). Next they came to the Mouth
of Freedom (Pi-hachirot), on the date that Yeshua would be freed from the grave.
After three days, the Pharaoh’s armies caught up with them. On the seventh and
last day of Unleavened Bread, they passed through the split Red Sea.
“Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea”: once we come to the place
of faith, we have the Torah to lead us on. Israel went from the Sea to the
Wilderness of Shur / Vision, the name implying that there the people could be
close to God.
days travel, they found no water. Then they came to a place of bitter water, so
it was called Marah / Bitterness. (This is the root of the name Miriam / Mary.)
The people therefore complained to Moses.
witnessing such miracles as God had just performed for them, they had trouble
believing that God would provide for their mundane needs, such as water and
food. Like our society that trusts in money instead of God.
“Behold, the man who would not make God his refuge, but trusted in the
abundance of his riches, and was strong in his evil desire.”
represents the Word of God, this is seen to mean that after neglecting Torah for
three days, the people lost their vision and complained about having left the
world’s Treasure City. For this reason the prophets established the Second and
Fifth Days of the Sabbath (Monday and Thursday), in addition to the weekly
Sabbath, as days for Bible reading – so that three days would never elapse
without Bible reading.
neglect Bible reading, it can become as a bitter chore. But God can make it a
delight for us. Upon purifying the water for them, God said that He was their
Yahweh, am your healer” – Ani Yahweh Roph-echa.
titles combined with the Name Yahweh are:
Yahweh Bora-acha – Yahweh our creator
23:6) Yahweh Tzidkenu – Yahweh our righteousness
Yahweh Nissi – Yahweh our Banner
22:14) Yahweh Yireh – Yahweh will see to it (our provider);
Mount of Yahweh it will be provided”
Yahweh Shalom – Yahweh our Peace
lack of Torah study had caused a disaster, God gave the people mishpatim /
judgments (the first category – moral and ethical laws) and hukim / statutes
(the third category – commandments bonding God and man, having no obvious
reasons). As we have seen to be typical, edut / ordinances (the second category
– rituals and festivals showing spiritual truths) is implied: Sabbath observance
God gave these
commandments because of sin: even His chosen people were failing to live by a
view of Him. (Galatians 3:19) Why the Law
then? It was added because of transgressions, having been ordained through
angels by the agency of a mediator, until the seed should come to whom the
promise had been made.
This was the
first of ten tests that God would give His people. As soon as the people
accepted their place, they were brought to the place of abundant sweet water.
Bible study becomes so abundant with sweets when we accept our place in it.
month after their departure from the world’s Treasure City, on Iyyar 15, they
came to the Wilderness of Sin (pronounced “seen”). This date would later become
“Second Passover” (for those unable to partake of the first). [For us, this is
people all complained about the lack of bread. God said that He would give them
“bread from heaven”, but the people called it “manna / what’s this stuff”. Now
God’s people would be taught to trust Him for their needs day-by-day, and to
trust Him for provision for Sabbath without working on that day.
I heard from a
Christian psychologist that one of men’s worst nightmares, though not usually
spoken of, is about being unable to provide for their families. Certainly we men
are to work for our families’ keep. But the problem, of which we are here
concerned, is a lack of faith. The God who created us, and redeemed us, has
promised to provide for us, and He tests us until we learn faith.
they did not listen to Moses, and some left part of it until morning, and it
bred worms and became foul”. Some still did not trust Yahweh, and violated
Torah, saving some in case He did not provide for the next day. We do not
ultimately gain by violating Torah. Our work only justifies that which God
supplies to us if we work according to Torah principles. This is a concept that
promotes honesty and integrity and responsibility.
We are taught
that the Sabbath Day is not a day for “gathering bread”: it is not a day for
working to earn our keep. (V.22) “On the sixth day they gathered twice as
much bread”, showing that we are to prepare for the Sabbath. Those who do
not prepare ahead for the Sabbath, do not keep it holy – a day set aside for
worship, because they have to do the work that was not prepared ahead.
that they should be able to just take from others’ efforts and live at ease.
Many work to be rich. But these are both contrary to the Biblical pattern. It is
not wrong to employ others, and it is no sin to be rich; but seeking ease or
riches brings out many ungodly traits.
who want to get rich fall into temptation and a snare and many foolish and
harmful desires which plunge men into ruin and destruction. For the love of
money is a root of all sorts of evil, and some by longing for it have wandered
away from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs. But flee from these
things, you man of God, and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love,
perseverance and gentleness” – 1 Timothy 6:9-11.
those who are rich in this present world not to be conceited or to fix their
hope on the uncertainty of riches, but on God, who richly supplies us with all
things to enjoy. Instruct them to do good, to be rich in good works, to be
generous and ready to share” - 1 Timothy 6:17-18.
not hunger or thirst, nor will the scorching heat or sun strike them down; for
He who has compassion on them will lead them and will guide them to springs of
water” – Isaiah 49:10.
righteous will see and fear, and will laugh at him, saying, ‘Behold, the man who
would not make God his refuge, but trusted in the abundance of his riches and
was strong in his evil desire’ ” – Psalm 52:6-7.
that I speak from want, for I have learned to be content in whatever
circumstances I am. 12 I know how to get along with humble means, and
I also know how to live in prosperity; in any and every circumstance I have
learned the secret of being filled and going hungry, both of having abundance
and suffering need. 13 I can do all things through Him who
strengthens me” – Philippians 4:11-13.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who chose us from among all peoples by
giving us Your Torah.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
Amen. 22 Then
Moses led Israel from the Red Sea, and they went out into the wilderness
of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness and found no water. 23
When they came to Marah, they could not drink the waters of Marah, for they were
bitter; therefore it was named Marah. 24 So the people grumbled at
Moses, saying, "What shall we drink?" 25 Then he cried out to Yahweh,
and Yahweh showed him a tree; and he threw it into the waters, and the waters
became sweet. There He made for them a statute and regulation, and there He
tested them. 26 And He said, "If you will give earnest heed to the
voice of Yahweh your God, and do what is right in His sight, and give ear to His
commandments, and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you
which I have put on the Egyptians; for I, Yahweh, am
Reader 2* Amen. 27
Then they came to Elim where there were twelve springs of water and seventy date
palms, and they camped there beside the waters. 16:1 Then they set
out from Elim, and all the congregation of the sons of Israel came to the
wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the
second month after their departure from the land of Egypt.
Reader 3* Amen. 2
The whole congregation of the sons of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in
the wilderness. 3 The sons of Israel said to them, "Would that we had
died by Yahweh's hand in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the pots of meat,
when we ate bread to the full; for you have brought us out into this wilderness
to kill this whole assembly with hunger." 4 Then Yahweh said to
Moses, "Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go
out and gather a day's portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not
they will walk in My instruction. 5 "On the sixth day, when they
prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily."
Reader 4* Amen. 6
So Moses and Aaron said to all the sons of Israel, "At evening you will know
that Yahweh has brought you out of the land of Egypt; 7 and in the
morning you will see the glory of Yahweh, for He hears your grumblings against
Yahweh; and what are we, that you grumble against us?" 8 Moses said,
"This will happen when Yahweh gives you meat to eat in the evening, and bread to
the full in the morning; for Yahweh hears your grumblings which you grumble
against Him. And what are we? Your grumblings are not against us but against
Yahweh." 9 Then Moses said to Aaron, "Say to all the congregation of
the sons of Israel, 'Come near before Yahweh, for He has heard your
Reader 5* Amen. 10
It came about as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel,
that they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of Yahweh appeared
in the cloud. 11 And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 12 "I
have heard the grumblings of the sons of Israel; speak to them, saying, 'At
twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread;
and you shall know that I am Yahweh your God.'" 13 So it came about
at evening that the quails came up and covered the camp, and in the morning
there was a layer of dew around the camp.
Reader 6* Amen. 14
When the layer of dew evaporated, behold, on the surface of the wilderness there
was a fine flake-like thing, fine as the frost on the ground. 15 When
the sons of Israel saw it, they said to one another, "What is it?" For they did
not know what it was. And Moses said to them, "It is the bread which Yahweh has
given you to eat. 16 "This is what Yahweh has commanded, 'Gather of
it every man as much as he should eat; you shall take an omer apiece according
to the number of persons each of you has in his tent.'" 17 The sons
of Israel did so, and some gathered much and some little. 18 When
they measured it with an omer, he who had gathered much had no excess, and he
who had gathered little had no lack; every man gathered as much as he should
Reader 7* Amen. 19
Moses said to them, "Let no man leave any of it until morning." 20
But they did not listen to Moses, and some left part of it until morning, and it
bred worms and became foul; and Moses was angry with them. 21 They
gathered it morning by morning, every man as much as he should eat; but when the
sun grew hot, it would melt. 22 Now on the sixth day they gathered
twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the
congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, "This is
what Yahweh meant: Tomorrow is a Sabbath observance, a holy Sabbath to Yahweh.
Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over
put aside to be kept until morning." 24 So they put it aside until
morning, as Moses had ordered, and it did not become foul nor was there any worm
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living
Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets, delighting
in their words which were spoken truthfully.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the
Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and the prophets of truth and
Reader 8* Amen. 8
Thus says Yahweh, "In a favorable time I have answered you, and in a day of
salvation I have helped you; and I will keep you and give you for a covenant of
the people, to restore the land, to make them inherit the desolate heritages;
9 saying to those who are bound, 'Go forth,' to those who are in
darkness, 'Show yourselves.' Along the roads they will feed, and their pasture
will be on all bare heights. 10 "They will not hunger or thirst, nor
will the scorching heat or sun strike them down; for He who has compassion on
them will lead them and will guide them to springs of water. 11 "I
will make all My mountains a road, and My highways will be raised up. 12
"Behold, these will come from afar; and lo, these will come from the north and
from the west, and these from the land of Sinim." 13 Shout for joy, O
heavens! And rejoice, O earth! Break forth into joyful shouting, O mountains!
For Yahweh has comforted His people and will have compassion on His afflicted.
14 But Zion said, "Yahweh has forsaken me, and the Lord has forgotten
Psalm 52 (To be sung.)
For the choir director. A Maskil of David,
when Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, and said to him, "David
has come to the house of Ahimelech."
Why do you boast in evil, O mighty man? The lovingkindness of God endures all
day long. 2 Your tongue devises destruction, like a sharp razor, O
worker of deceit. 3 You love evil more than good, falsehood more than
speaking what is right. Selah. 4 You love all words that devour, O
deceitful tongue. 5 But God will break you down forever; He will
snatch you up and tear you away from your tent, and uproot you from the land of
the living. Selah. 6 The righteous will see and fear, and will laugh
at him, saying, 7 "Behold, the man who would not make God his refuge,
but trusted in the abundance of his riches and was strong in his evil desire."
8 But as for me, I am like a green olive tree in the house of God; I
trust in the lovingkindness of God forever and ever. 9 I will give
You thanks forever, because You have done it, and I will wait on Your name, for
it is good, in the presence of Your godly ones.
Reader 9* Amen. 4
Rejoice in the Lord always; again I will say, rejoice! 5 Let your
gentle spirit be known to all men. The Lord is near. 6 Be anxious for
nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your
requests be made known to God. 7 And the peace of God, which
surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Messiah
Yeshua. 8 Finally, brethren, whatever is true, whatever is honorable,
whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good
repute, if there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, dwell on
these things. 9 The things you have learned and received and heard
and seen in me, practice these things, and the God of peace will be with you.
Reader 10* Amen. 10
But I rejoiced in the Lord greatly, that now at last you have revived your
concern for me; indeed, you were concerned before, but you lacked opportunity.
11 Not that I speak from want, for I have learned to be content in
whatever circumstances I am. 12 I know how to
get along with humble means, and I also know how to live in prosperity;
in any and every circumstance I have learned the secret of being filled and
going hungry, both of having abundance and suffering need. 13 I can
do all things through Him who strengthens me. 14 Nevertheless, you
have done well to share with me in my affliction. 15 You yourselves
also know, Philippians, that at the first preaching of the gospel, after I left
Macedonia, no church shared with me in the matter of giving and receiving but
you alone; 16 for even in Thessalonica you sent a gift more than once
for my needs.
Reader 11* Amen. 17
Not that I seek the gift itself, but I seek for the profit which increases to
your account. 18 But I have received everything in full and have an
abundance; I am amply supplied, having received from Epaphroditus what you have
sent, a fragrant aroma, an acceptable sacrifice, well-pleasing to God. 19
And my God will supply all your needs according to His riches in glory in
Messiah Yeshua. 20 Now to our God and Father be the glory forever and
ever. Amen. 21 Greet every saint in Messiah Yeshua. The brethren who
are with me greet you. 22 All the saints greet you, especially those
of Caesar's household. 23 The grace of the Lord Yeshua the Messiah be
with your spirit.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh
our God, King of the Universe,
Rock of Ages, righteous
throughout all generations.
You are the faithful God,
promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,
for all Your words are true
Faithful are You, Yahweh
our God, and faithful are Your words,
for no word of Yours shall
You are a faithful and
merciful God and King.
Blessed are You, Yahweh our
God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."