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Commentary - Year 2 Sabbath 22

Exodus 38:21-31   -   Jeremiah 30:18-24   -   Psalm 67  -   2 Corinthians 4:1 - 5:9
 

 

Elul 2, 5762 / Aug 10, 2002

Av 29,  5765 / Sept 3, 2005

Av 29,  5768 / Aug 30, 2008

Av 27,  5771 / Aug 27, 2011

Av 27,  5774 / Aug 23, 2014

 

Elleh P'qudey / These are the Reckonings    SCRIPTURES (should be read first)

 

The (Mishkan haEdut) “Tabernacle of the Testimony” refers to the Tabernacle with its many furnishings that testify concerning Yeshua. It also refers to this Tabernacle being the place where Yahweh Elohim – the creator-Judge and Eternal-Gracious-One – dispenses His Instruction to man. The (qehql) church in the wilderness that was taken out of Egypt was given this as a testimony and a place of continuing reminder of God’s instruction.

 

It is the travelling forerunner of the future Jerusalem Temple of the Holy One. It is the center from which the synagogue would become an outreach. It was the place from which “the Torah shall go forth.” It was the place of the highest court over the synagogue courts. It was the place towards which prayer should be rendered. It was the center of true worship, of which a significant part was animal, grain, and fruit offerings. It was the center for true praise, of which a significant part was non-contemporary orchestral music accompanying the group-singing of verbally-inspired songs.

 

As this was the eternal center for dissemination of God’s Holy Word, so also the Apostle Paul referred to the (qehal) church as “the pillar and ground of the truth” (1 Timothy 3:15). Yeshua said that He would “build My church, and the doors of death shall not prevail against it” (Matthew 16:18) – it would be eternal.

 

In the last couple of hundred years, there has been a great movement (by no means the first) to obliterate this concept. The (seder) service order of the “sacred assembly” has been subjected to every whim of self-exalted man.

 

King – Priest – Prophet

 

King: Yeshua, as King, leads us into spiritual prosperity, and rules all things for us in love. Messiah was to be of Israel, a leader and ruler from their midst:

 

‘And their leader shall be one of them, and their ruler shall come forth from their midst’. . .” – Jeremiah 30:21a.

 

The book of the genealogy of Yeshua the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham” – Matthew 1:1.

 

Priest: Yeshua, as Priest, stands before Yahweh for us, making atonements. He would dare to approach Yahweh, as no other man would (though Moses, in a sense, did so as prophetic type).

(V.24) In the latter days, Israel will understand this.

 

‘and I will bring him near, and he shall approach Me; for who would dare to risk his life to approach Me?’ declares Yahweh’ ” – Jeremiah 30:21b.

 

Now Yahweh said to Moses, ‘Cut out for yourself two stone tablets like the former ones, and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered. So be ready by morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself there to Me on the top of the mountain. And no man is to come up with you, nor let any man be seen anywhere on the mountain; even the flocks and the herds may not graze in front of that mountain.’ So he cut out two stone tablets like the former ones, and Moses rose up early in the morning and went up to Mount Sinai, as Yahweh had commanded him, and he took two stone tablets in his hand. And Yahweh descended in the cloud and stood there with him as he called upon the name of Yahweh. Then Yahweh passed by in front of him and proclaimed, ‘Yahweh, Yahweh El, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and truth; who keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations.’ And Moses made haste to bow low toward the earth and worship” – Exodus 34:1-8.

 

Prophet: Yeshua, as Prophet, teaches us His way, that His salvation may be displayed to all the earth.

 

That Thy way may be known on the earth, Thy salvation among all nations” – Psalm 67:2.

 

An angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, ‘Joseph, son of David, . . . you shall call His name Yeshua (Yahweh is Salvation), for it is He who will save His people from their sins’ ” – Matthew 1:20-21.

 

Psalm 67

 

It is interesting that Psalm 67, which we sing for Rosh Hodesh (Head-of-the-Month), is the Psalm for the first Sabbath of Elul (2002) / Sabbath of the Blessing for Elul (2005) of the second year of the Torah cycle.

 

(Psalm 67:title, 1-2) In the Temple, the Levitical orchestra played harps and flutes, and the Levitical choir sang, “God be gracious to us and bless us, and cause His face to shine upon us-- Selah. That Thy Way (‘I am the Way’ – John 14:6) may be known on the earth, Thy Salvation (Heb. – Yeshua) among all nations”.

 

The Psalm has a title and seven lines (shown as eight verses). The seven lines make the seven lampstands of the menorah (traditionally the one on David’s shield). Note the symmetry: compare lines 1 & 7, 2 & 6; 3 & 5.

 

 

1    May Elohim favor us

           2    Knowledge of Yahweh

                      3    All nations to acknowledge Elohim

                                    4    Nations to be glad and sing of fair judgment

                      5    All nations to acknowledge Elohim

           6    Fruit of Word of Yahweh

7    May Elohim bless us

 

1.        May Elohim favor us, although we are undeserving (Sforno).

May He bless us – together, as His people.

May He display His luminous countenance upon us – being pleased to grant us His light/understanding, so that we know His will and reflect His glory in our actions.

2.        So that we display His Salvation to all peoples of the earth, making His way known.
(Isaiah 11:9) The earth shall be full of the knowledge of Yahweh, as the waters cover the sea.

3.        Then the people of all nations will acknowledge Elohim, the Creator and Judge.

4.        The nations will be glad and sing, because Elohim will judge with fairness, and will guide them.

5.        Then the people of all nations will acknowledge Elohim, the Creator and Judge.

6.        The earth has yielded the fruit of the Word of God.
 (John 4:36) The harvesters are paid good wages, and the fruit they harvest is people brought to eternal life. What joy awaits both the planter and the harvester alike!
(Matthew 3:10) Even now the ax of God's judgment is poised, ready to sever your roots. Yes, every tree that does not produce good fruit will be chopped down and thrown into the fire.

7.        May Elohim bless us, and may all the ends of the earth fear Him.

 

2 Corinthians 4


The Apostolic portion parallels the Psalm.

 

 “Therefore, since we have this ministry, as we received mercy, we do not lose heart, but we have renounced the things hidden because of shame, not walking in craftiness or adulterating the word of God, but by making known the truth, commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God”  - v.1-2.

 

For all things are for your sakes, that the grace which is spreading to more and more people may cause the giving of thanks to abound to the glory of God” – v.15.

___________________

 

We are to make known the way of salvation – Yeshua.

 

An often troubling concept is that God commands things of us that we are unable to perform.

 

We are commanded Love God with all of our hearts, all of our souls, and all of our minds, and to love our neighbors as ourselves; but who is able to do that? We are commanded to trust God; but who is able to do that? We are commanded to keep all of God’s judgments; but who is able to do that?

 

If we have faith, it is not of ourselves; it is a gift of God (Ephesians 2:8); it has been received (2 Peter 1:1). Yeshua is both its author and its perfecter (Hebrews 12:2). Therefore Paul thanked God for the faith of saints (Titus 3:15).

 

If we are led to repentance (turning from sin to God), it is by the goodness of God (Romans 2:4). To whatever extent we keep God’s judgments, it is the work of the Holy Spirit in our hearts both to will and to perform them (Philippians 2:13).

 

Those who are “dead in trespasses and sins” (Ephesians 2:1) have no spark of life to fan, nor any ability to fan it; they need regeneration – they need to be given new life.

 

God’s way is to call sinners by His gospel. God sends out people carrying His Word, and His Word accomplishes that which He intends. His Spirit works in the hearts of sinners with His Word.

 

So will My Word be which goes forth from My mouth; it will not return to Me empty, without accomplishing what I desire, and without succeeding in the matter for which I sent it” – Isaiah 55:11.

 

This gives us hope and purpose and direction to evangelize: we can know that when we spread God’s Word, that it will be used to accomplish His purpose. Any other methods of ours are of no value in seeing sinners converted: it is not in our own power.

 

But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God” – John 1:12-13.

 

So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, but on God who has mercy” – Romans 9:16.

 

Readings:

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who chose us from among all peoples by giving us Your Torah.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

 

Reader 1Amen. 21 This is the number of the things for the tabernacle, the tabernacle of the testimony, as they were numbered according to the command of Moses, for the service of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest. 22 Now Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that Yahweh had commanded Moses. 23 With him was Oholiab the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver and a skillful workman and a weaver in blue and in purple and in scarlet material, and fine linen.

Reader 2Amen. 24 All the gold that was used for the work, in all the work of the sanctuary, even the gold of the wave offering, was 29 talents and 730 shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary. 25 The silver of those of the congregation who were numbered was 100 talents and 1,775 shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary; 26 a beka a head (that is, half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary), for each one who passed over to those who were numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for 603,550 men.

Reader 3Amen. 27 The hundred talents of silver were for casting the sockets of the sanctuary and the sockets of the veil; one hundred sockets for the hundred talents, a talent for a socket. 28 Of the 1,775 shekels, he made hooks for the pillars and overlaid their tops and made bands for them. 29 The bronze of the wave offering was 70 talents and 2,400 shekels. 30 With it he made the sockets to the doorway of the tent of meeting, and the bronze altar and its bronze grating, and all the utensils of the altar, 31 and the sockets of the court all around and the sockets of the gate of the court, and all the pegs of the tabernacle and all the pegs of the court all around.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who selected good prophets, delighting in their words which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,

and the prophets of truth and righteousness."

 

Jeremiah 30:18-24

Reader 4Amen. 18 "Thus says Yahweh, 'Behold, I will restore the fortunes of the tents of Jacob And have compassion on his dwelling places; And the city will be rebuilt on its ruin, And the palace will stand on its rightful place. 19 'From them will proceed thanksgiving And the voice of those who celebrate; And I will multiply them and they will not be diminished; I will also honor them and they will not be insignificant. 20 'Their children also will be as formerly, And their congregation shall be established before Me; And I will punish all their oppressors. 21 'Their leader shall be one of them, And their ruler shall come forth from their midst; And I will bring him near and he shall approach Me; For who would dare to risk his life to approach Me?' declares Yahweh. 22 'You shall be My people, And I will be your God.'" 23 Behold, the tempest of Yahweh! Wrath has gone forth, A sweeping tempest; It will burst on the head of the wicked. 24 The fierce anger of Yahweh will not turn back Until He has performed and until He has accomplished The intent of His heart; In the latter days you will understand this.

 

Psalm 67    (To be sung.)    For the choir director; with stringed instruments. A Psalm. A Song.

1 God be gracious to us and bless us, and cause His face to shine upon us-- Selah. 2 That Your way may be known on the earth, Your salvation among all nations. 3 Let the peoples praise You, O God; let all the peoples praise You. 4 Let the nations be glad and sing for joy; for You will judge the peoples with uprightness and guide the nations on the earth. Selah. 5 Let the peoples praise You, O God; let all the peoples praise You. 6 The earth has yielded its produce; God, our God, blesses us. 7 God blesses us, that all the ends of the earth may fear Him.

 

2 Corinthians 4:1 – 5:19

Reader 5Amen. 1 Therefore, since we have this ministry, as we received mercy, we do not lose heart, 2 but we have renounced the things hidden because of shame, not walking in craftiness or adulterating the word of God, but by the manifestation of truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God. 3 And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing, 4 in whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Messiah, who is the image of God. 5 For we do not preach ourselves but Messiah Yeshua as Lord, and ourselves as your bond-servants for Yeshua’s sake.

Reader 6Amen. 6 For God, who said, "Light shall shine out of darkness," is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Messiah. 7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, so that the surpassing greatness of the power will be of God and not from ourselves; 8 we are afflicted in every way, but not crushed; perplexed, but not despairing; 9 persecuted, but not forsaken; struck down, but not destroyed; 10 always carrying about in the body the dying of Yeshua, so that the life of Yeshua also may be manifested in our body.

Reader 7Amen. 11 For we who live are constantly being delivered over to death for Yeshua’s sake, so that the life of Yeshua also may be manifested in our mortal flesh. 12 So death works in us, but life in you. 13 But having the same spirit of faith, according to what is written, "I believed, therefore I spoke," we also believe, therefore we also speak, 14 knowing that He who raised the Lord Yeshua will raise us also with Yeshua and will present us with you. 15 For all things are for your sakes, so that the grace which is spreading to more and more people may cause the giving of thanks to abound to the glory of God. 16 Therefore we do not lose heart, but though our outer man is decaying, yet our inner man is being renewed day by day. 17 For momentary, light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison, 18 while we look not at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen; for the things which are seen are temporal, but the things which are not seen are eternal.

Reader 8Amen. 5:1 For we know that if the earthly tabernacle which is our house is torn down, we have a temple from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. 2 For indeed in this house we groan, longing to be clothed with our dwelling from heaven, 3 inasmuch as we, having put it on, will not be found naked. 4 For indeed while we are in this tabernacle, we groan, being burdened, because we do not want to be unclothed but to be clothed, so that what is mortal will be swallowed up by life. 5 Now He who prepared us for this very purpose is God, who gave to us the Spirit as a pledge. 6 Therefore, being always of good courage, and knowing that while we are at home in the body we are absent from the Lord-- 7 for we walk by faith, not by sight-- 8 we are of good courage, I say, and prefer rather to be absent from the body and to be at home with the Lord.

Reader 9Amen. 9 Therefore we also have as our ambition, whether at home or absent, to be pleasing to Him. 10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Messiah, so that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad. 11 Therefore, knowing the fear of the Lord, we persuade men, but we are made manifest to God; and I hope that we are made manifest also in your consciences. 12 We are not again commending ourselves to you but are giving you an occasion to be proud of us, so that you will have an answer for those who take pride in appearance and not in heart. 13 For if we are beside ourselves, it is for God; if we are of sound mind, it is for you.

Reader 10Amen. 14 For the love of Messiah controls us, having concluded this, that one died for all, therefore all died; 15 and He died for all, so that they who live might no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died and rose again on their behalf. 16 Therefore from now on we recognize no one according to the flesh; even though we have known Messiah according to the flesh, yet now we know Him in this way no longer. 17 Therefore if anyone is in Messiah, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come. 18 Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Messiah and gave us the ministry of reconciliation, 19 namely, that God was in Messiah reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and He has committed to us the word of reconciliation.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Rock of Ages, righteous throughout all generations.

You are the faithful God, promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,

for all Your words are true and righteous.

Faithful are You, Yahweh our God, and faithful are Your words,

for no word of Yours shall remain unfulfilled;

You are a faithful and merciful God and King.

Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."


© 2005  Beikvot HaMashiach
(Followers of the Messiah)

 

 

 

 

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