Shevat 1, 5763 / Jan 4, 2003
Tevet 28, 5766 / Jan 28, 2006
Tevet 28, 5769 / Jan 24, 2009
Tevet 26, 5772 / Jan 21, 2012
Tevet 26, 5775 / Jan 17, 2015
Tevet 26, 5778 / Jan 13, 2018
Oil of Pressed Olives
SCRIPTURES (should be read first)
(V.1) In the
previous chapter, we saw the “appointments with Yahweh”, the Holy Days, from
Unleavened Breads to Feast of Tabernacles and the Eighth Day Assembly. In this
chapter, we start with the menorah, with its olive-oil burning lamps, at the
dedication (hanukkah) of the Holy Place.
still celebrate Hanukkah following all the Holy Days. Though we do so in
remembrance of the rededications of the Holy Temple, the origins are with the
beginning of the Tabernacle. It is this menorah that plays a significant role in
Hanukkah – the Hebrew word meaning dedication.
is the light of the Holy Place. Its center* lamp is called the shamish –
the servant: as its fire is used to light the other lamps, it represents Yeshua,
the Light of the World (John 8:12), who gives us light to illuminate the world.
John tells us (Revelation 1:12-18) that the center lamp is Yeshua: “in the
middle of the lampstands one like a son of man”.
* The Talmud
says the western lamp miraculously stayed lit. Except, after the crucifixion of
Yeshua, this is one of the miracles that stopped.
original Tabernacle in the Wilderness, Moses brought God’s words and judgments
to the people. Moses sought the glory of Yahweh, not his own glory. Thus Moses
represented Yeshua: “Yahweh your God will raise up for you a prophet like me
(Moses) from among you, from your countrymen: you shall listen to Him”
fulfillment, Yeshua came to glorify Yahweh. Jewish leaders sought to put Yeshua
to death, but the people marveled at His teaching. Yeshua answered the people
how they should judge whether His words were from God: (John 7:18-19) “He who
speaks from himself seeks his own glory; but He who is seeking the glory of the
One who sent Him, He is true, and there is no unrighteousness in Him.”
Moses give you the Torah”. . . in seeking God’s glory, “ and yet none of
you carries out the Torah?” because they sought their own glory – power and
position and recognition.
oil is the first from lightly pressed olives, before they are crushed and the
oil contains sediment. “Continual” means that the lamps would be lit every day,
not that they never went out; this is like the “continual elevation offering”,
one being burned every morning and evening.
chapter concerned the Holy Days, which represented various high points in God’s
caring for His people. This chapter deals with the menorah and show bread, which
represent God’s daily caring for His people.
The show bread
was twelve large unleavened loaves, baked each Friday and placed on the Sabbath.
Each loaf was baked from two omers (more than a gallon) of fine wheat flour, and
shaped like a rectangle with the corners turned up. They were placed in two
stacks of six, the lower two resting on the flat table top, and each higher loaf
being supported by golden rods of a rack which was the upper part of the golden
table. A bowl of frankincense was placed on top of each stack.
frankincense was the only part of this offering that was burned on the altar.
The loaves were divided among the priests on the following Sabbath: like the
Sabbath, the loaves were called an eternal covenant, and were the only offering
described this way. It is recorded that the loaves were always as fresh baked
loaves at the end of their week.
As the Sabbath
provides for the rest of the week, so the loaves symbolized God’s provision for
His people for their millennial week on this earth. We are taught to not be
anxious about our provision here.
“Do not be
anxious for your life, as to what you shall eat, or what you shall drink; nor
for your body, as to what you shall put on. Is not life more than food, and the
body than clothing? Look at the birds of the air, that they do not sow, neither
do they reap, nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them.
Are you not worth much more than they? And which of you by being anxious can add
a single cubit to his life's span? And why are you anxious about clothing?
Observe how the lilies of the field grow; they do not toil nor do they spin, yet
I say to you that even Solomon in all his glory did not clothe himself like one
of these. But if God so arrays the grass of the field, which is alive today and
tomorrow is thrown into the furnace, will He not much more do so for you, O men
of little faith? Do not be anxious then, saying, 'What shall we eat?' or 'What
shall we drink?' or 'With what shall we clothe ourselves?' For all these things
the Gentiles eagerly seek; for your heavenly Father knows that you need all
these things. But seek first His kingdom and His righteousness; and all these
things shall be added to you. Therefore do not be anxious for tomorrow; for
tomorrow will care for itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own” (
concern here should be to seek God’s glory, and then (and only then) we can
trust Him to provide our every need. We should seek to spread His word, not our
own thoughts. We need to continually seek correction, of our thoughts and ways,
from God’s word.
v.13, following the instructions concerning God’s symbols of His care for our
spiritual and physical well-being, we find instructions to the judges for
dealing with us. These verses concern judgments that are under the
authority of the judges to make. Included are punishments for blasphemy and
murder, relating to the two main categories of commandments – loving Yahweh our
God and loving our neighbor. These are capital crimes. For lesser crimes
involving injury to our neighbor or his property, equitable restitution must be
ordered by judges.
eye for an eye . . .”, this is not referring to personal retribution. In Exodus
21:1 this is classified under “judgments” (Heb. mishpatim), and again in
Deuteronomy 19:18-21 we see that it means for the judges to make equitable
judgments, granting the value of an eye for a lost eye.
Exodus 21:23-25 “You
(Moses and the subsequent Sanhedrin) shall appoint as a penalty life for life,
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burn for burn,
wound for wound, bruise for bruise.”
Leviticus 24:13- 22
13 Then Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, . . . 17 “If a
man takes the life of any human being, he shall surely be put to death. 18
The one who takes the life of an animal shall make it good, life for life.
19 If a man injures his neighbor, just as he has done, so it shall be
required of him: 20 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for
tooth; just as he has injured a man, so it shall be required of him. 21
Thus the one who kills an animal shall make it good, but the one who kills a man
shall be put to death. 22 There shall be one standard for you; it
shall be for the stranger as well as the native, for I am Yahweh your God.”
15 “A single witness shall not rise up against a man on account of
any iniquity or any sin which he has committed; on the evidence of two or three
witnesses a matter shall be confirmed. 16 If a malicious witness
rises up against a man to accuse him of wrongdoing, 17 then both the
men who have the dispute shall stand before Yahweh, before the priests and the
judges who will be in office in those days. 18 The judges ashall
investigate thoroughly, and if the witness is a false witness and he has accused
his brother falsely, 19 then you shall do to him just as he had
intended to do to his brother. Thus you shall purge the evil from among you.
20 The rest will hear and be afraid, and will never again do such an
evil thing among you. 21 Thus you shall not show pity: life for
life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.”
Matthew 5:38-39 38
“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’
39 But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but whoever slaps
you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also.”
Yeshua is speaking
specifically about personal retribution. This does not mean that an offended
person should not take a matter to the judges. Paul makes a case that believers
should take cases against other believers to the local bet dein (synagogue
judges) rather than denigrate God's Name before the world (1 Corinthians 6:1-6).
God said that
He gave His Holy Spirit to the original judges of the Sanhedrin (Numbers 11:17),
in order for them to make righteous judgments for the people. These judgments
included both settlements of disputes and criminal matters, and halachic
judgments (how the people were to walk to fulfill Torah).
seems interesting to note that God instructed the “sons of Israel” to bring pure
olive oil to Moses for Aaron to fill the menorah (v.1-4). God instructs us to be
“filled with the Holy Spirit” (Ephesians 5:18), to walk in His light and be
loving one to another.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who chose us from among all peoples by
giving us Your Torah.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
Amen. 1 Then Yahweh
spoke to Moses, saying, 2 "Command the sons of Israel that they bring
to you clear oil from beaten olives for the light, to make a lamp burn
continually. 3 "Outside the veil of testimony in the tent of meeting,
Aaron shall keep it in order from evening to morning before Yahweh continually;
it shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations. 4 "He
shall keep the lamps in order on the pure gold lampstand before Yahweh
Amen. 5 "Then you shall
take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it; two-tenths of an ephah shall be
in each cake. 6 "You shall set them in two rows, six to a row, on the
pure gold table before Yahweh. 7 "You shall put pure frankincense on
each row that it may be a memorial portion for the bread, even an offering by
fire to Yahweh.
Amen. 8 "Every Sabbath
day he shall set it in order before Yahweh continually; it is an everlasting
covenant for the sons of Israel. 9 "It shall be for Aaron and his
sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place; for it is most holy to him from
Yahweh'S offerings by fire, his portion forever."
Amen. 10 Now the son of
an Israelite woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the sons of
Israel; and the Israelite woman's son and a man of Israel struggled with each
other in the camp. 11 The son of the Israelite woman blasphemed the
Name and cursed. So they brought him to Moses. (Now his mother's name was
Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan.) 12 They put
him in custody so that the command of Yahweh might be made clear to them.
Amen. 13 Then Yahweh
spoke to Moses, saying, 14 "Bring the one who has cursed outside the
camp, and let all who heard him lay their hands on his head; then let all the
congregation stone him. 15 "You shall speak to the sons of Israel,
saying, 'If anyone curses his God, then he will bear his sin. 16
'Moreover, the one who blasphemes the name of Yahweh shall surely be put to
death; all the congregation shall certainly stone him. The alien as well as the
native, when he blasphemes the Name, shall be put to death.
Amen. 17 'If a man takes
the life of any human being, he shall surely be put to death. 18 'The
one who takes the life of an animal shall make it good, life for life. 19
'If a man injures his neighbor, just as he has done, so it shall be done to him:
20 fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; just as he
has injured a man, so it shall be inflicted on him.
Amen. 21 'Thus the one
who kills an animal shall make it good, but the one who kills a man shall be put
to death. 22 'There shall be one standard for you; it shall be for
the stranger as well as the native, for I am Yahweh your God.'" 23
Then Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, and they brought the one who had cursed
outside the camp and stoned him with stones. Thus the sons of Israel did, just
as Yahweh had commanded Moses.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living
Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets, delighting
in their words which were spoken truthfully.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the
Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and the prophets of truth and
Psalm 87 (To be sung.) A
Psalm of the sons of Korah. A Song.
1 His foundation is in the holy
mountains. 2 Yahweh loves the gates of Zion More than all the other
dwelling places of Jacob. 3 Glorious things are spoken of you, O city
of God. Selah. 4 "I shall mention Rahab and Babylon among those who
know Me; Behold, Philistia and Tyre with Ethiopia: 'This one was born there.'"
5 But of Zion it shall be said, "This one and that one were born in
her"; And the Most High Himself will establish her. 6 Yahweh will
count when He registers the peoples, "This one was born there." Selah. 7
Then those who sing as well as those who play the flutes shall say, "All my
springs of joy are in you."
Amen. 1 After these
things Yeshua was walking in Galilee, for He was unwilling to walk in Judea
because the Jews were seeking to kill Him. 2 Now the feast of the
Jews, the Feast of Tabernacles, was near. 3 Therefore His brothers
said to Him, "Leave here and go into Judea, so that Your disciples also may see
Your works which You are doing. 4 "For no one does anything in secret
when he himself seeks to be known publicly. If You do these things, show
Yourself to the world." 5 For not even His brothers were believing in
Him. 6 So Yeshua said to them, "My time is not yet here, but your
time is always opportune. 7 "The world cannot hate you, but it hates
Me because I testify of it, that its deeds are evil. 8 "Go up to the
feast yourselves; I do not go up to this feast because My time has not yet fully
come." 9 Having said these things to them, He stayed in Galilee.
10 But when His brothers had gone up to the feast, then He Himself also
went up, not publicly, but as if, in secret.
Amen. 11 So the Jews
were seeking Him at the feast and were saying, "Where is He?" 12
There was much grumbling among the crowds concerning Him; some were saying, "He
is a good man"; others were saying, "No, on the contrary, He leads the people
astray." 13 Yet no one was speaking openly of Him for fear of the
Jews. 14 But when it was now the midst of the feast Yeshua went up
into the temple, and began to teach. 15 The Jews then were
astonished, saying, "How has this man become learned, having never been
educated?" 16 So Yeshua answered them and said, "My teaching is not
Mine, but His who sent Me. 17 "If anyone is willing to do His will,
he will know of the teaching, whether it is of God or whether I speak from
Myself. 18 "He who speaks from himself seeks his own glory; but He
who is seeking the glory of the One who sent Him, He is true, and there is no
unrighteousness in Him. 19 "Did not Moses give you the Law, and yet
none of you carries out the Law? Why do you seek to kill Me?" 20 The
crowd answered, "You have a demon! Who seeks to kill You?"
Amen. 21 Yeshua answered
them, "I did one deed, and you all marvel. 22 "For this reason Moses
has given you circumcision (not because it is from Moses, but from the fathers),
and on the Sabbath you circumcise a man. 23 "If a man receives
circumcision on the Sabbath so that the Law of Moses will not be broken, are you
angry with Me because I made an entire man well on the Sabbath? 24
"Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment."
25 So some of the people of Jerusalem were saying, "Is this not the man
whom they are seeking to kill? 26 "Look, He is speaking publicly, and
they are saying nothing to Him. The rulers do not really know that this is the
Messiah, do they? 27 "However, we know where this man is from; but
whenever the Messiah may come, no one knows where He is from." 28
Then Yeshua cried out in the temple, teaching and saying, "You both know Me and
know where I am from; and I have not come of Myself, but He who sent Me is true,
whom you do not know. 29 "I know Him, because I am from Him, and He
Amen. 30 So they were
seeking to seize Him; and no man laid his hand on Him, because His hour had not
yet come. 31 But many of the crowd believed in Him; and they were
saying, "When the Messiah comes, He will not perform more signs than those which
this man has, will He?" 32 The Pharisees heard the crowd muttering
these things about Him, and the chief priests and the Pharisees sent officers to
seize Him. 33 Therefore Yeshua said, "For a little while longer I am
with you, then I go to Him who sent Me. 34 "You will seek Me, and
will not find Me; and where I am, you cannot come." 35 The Jews then
said to one another, "Where does this man intend to go that we will not find
Him? He is not intending to go to the Dispersion among the Greeks, and teach the
Greeks, is He? 36 "What is this statement that He said, 'You will
seek Me, and will not find Me; and where I am, you cannot come '?" 37
Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Yeshua stood and cried out,
saying, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink. 38 "He
who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, 'From his innermost being will flow
rivers of living water.'" 39 But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom
those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not yet given,
because Yeshua was not yet glorified.
Amen. 40 Some of the
people therefore, when they heard these words, were saying, "This certainly is
the Prophet." 41 Others were saying, "This is the Messiah." Still
others were saying, "Surely the Messiah is not going to come from Galilee, is
He? 42 "Has not the Scripture said that the Messiah comes from the
descendants of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?" 43
So a division occurred in the crowd because of Him. 44 Some of them
wanted to seize Him, but no one laid hands on Him. 45 The officers
then came to the chief priests and Pharisees, and they said to them, "Why did
you not bring Him?" 46 The officers answered, "Never has a man spoken
the way this man speaks." 47 The Pharisees then answered them, "You
have not also been led astray, have you? 48 "No one of the rulers or
Pharisees has believed in Him, has he? 49 "But this crowd which does
not know the Law is accursed." 50 Nicodemus (he who came to Him
before, being one of them) said to them, 51 "Our Law does not judge a
man unless it first hears from him and knows what he is doing, does it?" 52
They answered him, "You are not also from Galilee, are you? Search, and see that
no prophet arises out of Galilee." 53 Everyone went to his home.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh
our God, King of the Universe,
Rock of Ages, righteous
throughout all generations.
You are the faithful God,
promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,
for all Your words are true
Faithful are You, Yahweh
our God, and faithful are Your words,
for no word of Yours shall
You are a faithful and
merciful God and King.
Blessed are You, Yahweh our
God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."