HOME          TEMPLE SEDARIM      < PRIOR WEEK       NEXT WEEK >  

 

Commentary - Year 2 Sabbath 46

Leviticus 26:3 - 27:34   -   Jeremiah 16:19, Ezekiel 12:20, Isaiah 1:19   -   Psalm 90  -   
John 15:1-27
 

Shevat 22, 5763 / Jan 25, 2003

Shevat 13, 5766 / Feb 11, 2006

Shevat 13, 5769 / Feb   7, 2009

Shevat 11, 5772 / Feb   4, 2012

Shevat 11, 5775 / Jan 31, 2015

 

Im Bekuqutay / If In My Statutes    SCRIPTURES (should be read first)

 

In this last portion of the Book of Leviticus, we see the various states of the hearers. God’s Word is received in some good ground, where various states of growth are achieved; it is also received in some thorny or rocky ground, as Yeshua stated in parable (Matthew 13).

 

Today’s readings concern this present life. We will look at the present state of those who are God’s chosen – those who are redeemed. We will see the great distinction between living by faith (in truth, not blindly), and living by our own feelings.

 

If we are redeemed, we will be disciplined until we learn obedience. We can live a prosperous life by walking with God, or we can live under increasing difficulties by fighting for our own rights. A prosperous life means that, in serving God, He will provide every need for His work. There is great satisfaction and peace in serving God. A difficult life means that, in serving self, He will provide increasing penalties to turn us around. It is greatly to our advantage to submit quickly.

 

All of these things were written for our admonition (1 Corinthians 10:11).

 

(V.3) This is God’s Word to His people who are obedient.

 

Yahweh said, “If you walk in My statutes and keep My commandments so as to carry them out,
 then I shall give you . . .
” – Leviticus 26:3-4.

 

Isaiah says: “If you consent and obey, you will eat the best of the land; . . .” – Isaiah 1:19.

 

Yeshua said, “If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love; just as I have kept My Father's commandments and abide in His love. These things I have spoken to you so that My joy may be in you, and that your joy may be made full” – John 15:10-11.

 

(V.14) This is God’s Word to His people when they are disobedient.

But if you do not obey Me and do not carry out all these commandments, if, instead, you reject My statutes and if your soul abhors My ordinances so as not to carry out all My commandments, and so break My covenant, I, in turn, will do this to you:. . .” – Leviticus 26:14-15.

God will send terrorism, disease, and poverty. All of the consequences have both physical and spiritual counterparts: the physical enemies and diseases and poverty are symptoms of spiritual enemies, evil rulers, doctrinal error and lack of knowledge of God’s word and ways.

 

The Psalmist asks God to teach us quickly, because our days on this earth are short. We may all wish for God to teach us gently, rather than show his great fury in our lives. If we have a heart to learn and comply, we may experience God’s peace and joy for more of our lives.

x

 

(V.27) This is God’s Word to those who reject His discipline.

 

Yet if in spite of this you do not obey Me, but act with hostility against Me, 28 then I will act with wrathful hostility against you” – Leviticus 26:27-28.

 

All of the above will become more severe, with great fear, unanswered prayer, and starvation.

 

The Psalmist says, “Who understands the power of Your anger and Your fury, according to the fear that is due You? So teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom” – Psalm 90:11-12.

 

Ezekiel says: “And the inhabited cities will be laid waste, and the land will be a desolation. So you will know that I am Yahweh” – Ezekiel 12:20.

 

 

(V.40) This is God’s Word to the penitent.

If they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their forefathers, in their unfaithfulness which they committed against Me, and also in their acting with hostility against Me . . .  then I will remember My covenant with Jacob, and I will remember also My covenant with Isaac, and My covenant with Abraham as well, and I will remember the land” – Leviticus 26:40-42.

(v.44) “I will not reject them, nor will I so abhor them as to destroy them .

 

Jeremiah says: “O Yahweh, my strength and my stronghold, and my refuge in the day of distress, to Thee the nations will come from the ends of the earth and say, ‘Our fathers have inherited nothing but falsehood, futility and things of no profit’ ” – Jeremiah 16:19.

 

We need to constantly consider our position before an holy God, and make daily confessions of our erroneous ways and wrong attitudes. God has promised to fill us with His Spirit, and righteousness, if we ask. This is the path for answered prayer, and a fulfilled life, and full joy, and a greater future life.

 

Yeshua said, And I say to you, ask, and it shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you. For everyone who asks, receives; and he who seeks, finds; and to him who knocks, it shall be opened. Now suppose one of you fathers is asked by his son for a fish; he will not give him a snake instead of a fish, will he? Or if he is asked for an egg, he will not give him a scorpion, will he? If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him?– Luke 11:9-13.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied” – Matthew 5:6.

 

We must go into today’s reading with the following understandings: Our redemption and eternal destiny is a matter of grace, the evidence being a faith that produces fruit – good works. This life is a process of sanctification – growing in faith and knowledge through the Word of God and the Spirit of God. We will have discipline in this life if we are His: we also will have trials of our faith that are not disciplinary.

 “You did not choose Me, but I chose you, and appointed you, that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain, that whatever you ask of the Father in My name, He may give to you” – John 15:16.

 

Ultimately, we live in Yeshua, the true vine, and bear fruit. Or, we can live by the world’s ideas, and get clipped. That relates to our eternal state – whether we are or are not of the redeemed.

 “Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit, He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit, He prunes it, that it may bear more fruit.

 “If anyone does not abide in Me, he is thrown away as a branch, and dries up; and they gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned” – John 15:2, 6.

 

For a final note on this chapter: evil may come upon us as believers for one of three reasons found in Scripture. It may be discipline for our benefit, it may be to test our faith, or it may be for a specific purpose of God to glorify Himself (such as showing a sign).

_________________

Leviticus 27 ends the Book of Leviticus. It teaches of valuations of people for vows of temple offerings; these are not commercial valuations, and should not be taken as physical values of people. It also teaches of redemption values for animals, crops, and property offered to God.

Readings:

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who chose us from among all peoples by giving us Your Torah.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

Last portion of Leviticus

Reader 1 Amen. 3 'If you walk in My statutes and keep My commandments so as to carry them out, 4 then I shall give you rains in their season, so that the land will yield its produce and the trees of the field will bear their fruit. 5 'Indeed, your threshing will last for you until grape gathering, and grape gathering will last until sowing time. You will thus eat your food to the full and live securely in your land. 6 'I shall also grant peace in the land, so that you may lie down with no one making you tremble. I shall also eliminate harmful beasts from the land, and no sword will pass through your land. 7 'But you will chase your enemies and they will fall before you by the sword; 8 five of you will chase a hundred, and a hundred of you will chase ten thousand, and your enemies will fall before you by the sword. 9 'So I will turn toward you and make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will confirm My covenant with you. 10 'You will eat the old supply and clear out the old because of the new. 11 'Moreover, I will make My dwelling among you, and My soul will not reject you. 12 'I will also walk among you and be your God, and you shall be My people. 13 'I am Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt so that you would not be their slaves, and I broke the bars of your yoke and made you walk erect.

Reader 2 Amen. 14 'But if you do not obey Me and do not carry out all these commandments, 15 if, instead, you reject My statutes, and if your soul abhors My ordinances so as not to carry out all My commandments, and so break My covenant, 16 I, in turn, will do this to you: I will appoint over you a sudden terror, consumption and fever that will waste away the eyes and cause the soul to pine away; also, you will sow your seed uselessly, for your enemies will eat it up. 17 'I will set My face against you so that you will be struck down before your enemies; and those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee when no one is pursuing you. 18 'If also after these things you do not obey Me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins. 19 'I will also break down your pride of power; I will also make your sky like iron and your earth like bronze. 20 'Your strength will be spent uselessly, for your land will not yield its produce and the trees of the land will not yield their fruit. 21 'If then, you act with hostility against Me and are unwilling to obey Me, I will increase the plague on you seven times according to your sins. 22 'I will let loose among you the beasts of the field, which will bereave you of your children and destroy your cattle and reduce your number so that your roads lie deserted. 23 'And if by these things you are not turned to Me, but act with hostility against Me, 24 then I will act with hostility against you; and I, even I, will strike you seven times for your sins. 25 'I will also bring upon you a sword which will execute vengeance for the covenant; and when you gather together into your cities, I will send pestilence among you, so that you shall be delivered into enemy hands. 26 'When I break your staff of bread, ten women will bake your bread in one oven, and they will bring back your bread in rationed amounts, so that you will eat and not be satisfied.

Reader 3 Amen. 27 'Yet if in spite of this you do not obey Me, but act with hostility against Me, 28 then I will act with wrathful hostility against you, and I, even I, will punish you seven times for your sins. 29 'Further, you will eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters you will eat. 30 'I then will destroy your high places, and cut down your incense altars, and heap your remains on the remains of your idols, for My soul shall abhor you. 31 'I will lay waste your cities as well and will make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will not smell your soothing aromas. 32 'I will make the land desolate so that your enemies who settle in it will be appalled over it. 33 'You, however, I will scatter among the nations and will draw out a sword after you, as your land becomes desolate and your cities become waste. 34 'Then the land will enjoy its sabbaths all the days of the desolation, while you are in your enemies' land; then the land will rest and enjoy its sabbaths. 35 'All the days of its desolation it will observe the rest which it did not observe on your sabbaths, while you were living on it. 36 'As for those of you who may be left, I will also bring weakness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies. And the sound of a driven leaf will chase them, and even when no one is pursuing they will flee as though from the sword, and they will fall. 37 'They will therefore stumble over each other as if running from the sword, although no one is pursuing; and you will have no strength to stand up before your enemies. 38 'But you will perish among the nations, and your enemies' land will consume you. 39 'So those of you who may be left will rot away because of their iniquity in the lands of your enemies; and also because of the iniquities of their forefathers they will rot away with them.

Reader 4 Amen. 40 'If they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their forefathers, in their unfaithfulness which they committed against Me, and also in their acting with hostility against Me-- 41 I also was acting with hostility against them, to bring them into the land of their enemies-- or if their uncircumcised heart becomes humbled so that they then make amends for their iniquity, 42 then I will remember My covenant with Jacob, and I will remember also My covenant with Isaac, and My covenant with Abraham as well, and I will remember the land. 43 'For the land will be abandoned by them, and will make up for its sabbaths while it is made desolate without them. They, meanwhile, will be making amends for their iniquity, because they rejected My ordinances and their soul abhorred My statutes. 44 'Yet in spite of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them, nor will I so abhor them as to destroy them, breaking My covenant with them; for I am Yahweh their God. 45 'But I will remember for them the covenant with their ancestors, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God. I am Yahweh.'" 46 These are the statutes and ordinances and laws which Yahweh established between Himself and the sons of Israel through Moses at Mount Sinai.

Reader 5 Amen. 27:1 Again, Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 2 "Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When a man makes a difficult vow, he shall be valued according to your valuation of persons belonging to Yahweh. 3 'If your valuation is of the male from twenty years even to sixty years old, then your valuation shall be fifty shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary. 4 'Or if it is a female, then your valuation shall be thirty shekels. 5 'If it be from five years even to twenty years old then your valuation for the male shall be twenty shekels and for the female ten shekels. 6 'But if they are from a month even up to five years old, then your valuation shall be five shekels of silver for the male, and for the female your valuation shall be three shekels of silver. 7 'If they are from sixty years old and upward, if it is a male, then your valuation shall be fifteen shekels, and for the female ten shekels. 8 'But if he is poorer than your valuation, then he shall be placed before the priest and the priest shall value him; according to the means of the one who vowed, the priest shall value him.

Reader 6 Amen. 9 'Now if it is an animal of the kind which men can present as an offering to Yahweh, any such that one gives to Yahweh shall be holy. 10 'He shall not replace it or exchange it, a good for a bad, or a bad for a good; or if he does exchange animal for animal, then both it and its substitute shall become holy. 11 'If, however, it is any unclean animal of the kind which men do not present as an offering to Yahweh, then he shall place the animal before the priest. 12 'The priest shall value it as either good or bad; as you, the priest, value it, so it shall be. 13 'But if he should ever wish to redeem it, then he shall add one-fifth of it to your valuation. 14 'Now if a man consecrates his house as holy to Yahweh, then the priest shall value it as either good or bad; as the priest values it, so it shall stand. 15 'Yet if the one who consecrates it should wish to redeem his house, then he shall add one-fifth of your valuation price to it, so that it may be his. 16 'Again, if a man consecrates to Yahweh part of the fields of his own property, then your valuation shall be proportionate to the seed needed for it: a homer of barley seed at fifty shekels of silver. 17 'If he consecrates his field as of the year of jubilee, according to your valuation it shall stand. 18 'If he consecrates his field after the jubilee, however, then the priest shall calculate the price for him proportionate to the years that are left until the year of jubilee; and it shall be deducted from your valuation. 19 'If the one who consecrates it should ever wish to redeem the field, then he shall add one-fifth of your valuation price to it, so that it may pass to him. 20 'Yet if he will not redeem the field, but has sold the field to another man, it may no longer be redeemed; 21 and when it reverts in the jubilee, the field shall be holy to Yahweh, like a field set apart; it shall be for the priest as his property. 22 'Or if he consecrates to Yahweh a field which he has bought, which is not a part of the field of his own property, 23 then the priest shall calculate for him the amount of your valuation up to the year of jubilee; and he shall on that day give your valuation as holy to Yahweh. 24 'In the year of jubilee the field shall return to the one from whom he bought it, to whom the possession of the land belongs.

Reader 7 Amen. 25 'Every valuation of yours, moreover, shall be after the shekel of the sanctuary. The shekel shall be twenty gerahs. 26 'However, a firstborn among animals, which as a firstborn belongs to Yahweh, no man may consecrate it; whether ox or sheep, it is Yahweh'S. 27 'But if it is among the unclean animals, then he shall redeem it according to your valuation and add to it one-fifth of it; and if it is not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to your valuation. 28 'Nevertheless, anything which a man sets apart to Yahweh out of all that he has, of man or animal or of the fields of his own property, shall not be sold or redeemed. Anything devoted to destruction is most holy to Yahweh. 29 'No one who may have been set apart among men shall be ransomed; he shall surely be put to death. 30 'Thus all the tithe of the land, of the seed of the land or of the fruit of the tree, is Yahweh'S; it is holy to Yahweh. 31 'If, therefore, a man wishes to redeem part of his tithe, he shall add to it one-fifth of it. 32 'For every tenth part of herd or flock, whatever passes under the rod, the tenth one shall be holy to Yahweh. 33 'He is not to be concerned whether it is good or bad, nor shall he exchange it; or if he does exchange it, then both it and its substitute shall become holy. It shall not be redeemed.'" 34 These are the commandments which Yahweh commanded Moses for the sons of Israel at Mount Sinai.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

______________________

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who selected good prophets, delighting in their words which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,

and the prophets of truth and righteousness."

Jeremiah 16:19

Reader 7 Amen. 19 “O Yahweh, my strength and my stronghold, and my refuge in the day of distress, to You the nations will come from the ends of the earth and say, "Our fathers have inherited nothing but falsehood, futility and things of no profit.”

 

Ezekiel 12:20

20 “The inhabited cities will be laid waste and the land will be a desolation. So you will know that I am Yahweh.”

 

Isaiah 1:19

19 “If you consent and obey, you will eat the best of the land; . . .”

 

Psalm 90    (To be sung.)    A Prayer of Moses the man of God.

1 Lord, You have been our dwelling place in all generations. 2 Before the mountains were born or You gave birth to the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God. 3 You turn man back into dust and say, "Return, O children of men." 4 For a thousand years in Your sight are like yesterday when it passes by, or as a watch in the night. 5 You have swept them away like a flood, they fall asleep; in the morning they are like grass which sprouts anew. 6 In the morning it flourishes and sprouts anew; toward evening it fades and withers away. 7 For we have been consumed by Your anger and by Your wrath we have been dismayed. 8 You have placed our iniquities before You, our secret sins in the light of Your presence. 9 For all our days have declined in Your fury; we have finished our years like a sigh. 10 As for the days of our life, they contain seventy years, or if due to strength, eighty years, yet their pride is but labor and sorrow; for soon it is gone and we fly away. 11 Who understands the power of Your anger and Your fury, according to the fear that is due You? 12 So teach us to number our days, that we may present to You a heart of wisdom. 13 Do return, O Yahweh; how long will it be? And be sorry for Your servants. 14 O satisfy us in the morning with Your lovingkindness, that we may sing for joy and be glad all our days. 15 Make us glad according to the days You have afflicted us, and the years we have seen evil. 16 Let Your work appear to Your servants and Your majesty to their children. 17 Let the favor of the Lord our God be upon us; and confirm for us the work of our hands; Yes, confirm the work of our hands.

 

John 15:1-27

Reader 9 Amen. 1 “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser. 2 Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit, He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit, He prunes it so that it may bear more fruit. 3 You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you. 4 Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself unless it abides in the vine, so neither can you unless you abide in Me. 5 I am the vine, you are the branches; he who abides in Me and I in him, he bears much fruit, for apart from Me you can do nothing. 6 If anyone does not abide in Me, he is thrown away as a branch and dries up; and they gather them, and cast them into the fire and they are burned. 7 If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. 8 My Father is glorified by this, that you bear much fruit, and so prove to be My disciples. 9 Just as the Father has loved Me, I have also loved you; abide in My love. 10 If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love; just as I have kept My Father's commandments and abide in His love. 11 These things I have spoken to you so that My joy may be in you, and that your joy may be made full.

Reader 10 Amen. 12 This is My commandment, that you love one another, just as I have loved you. 13 Greater love has no one than this, that one lay down his life for his friends. 14 You are My friends if you do what I command you. 15 No longer do I call you slaves, for the slave does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all things that I have heard from My Father I have made known to you. 16 You did not choose Me but I chose you, and appointed you that you would go and bear fruit, and that your fruit would remain, so that whatever you ask of the Father in My name He may give to you. 17 This I command you, that you love one another.

Reader 11 Amen. 18 If the world hates you, you know that it has hated Me before it hated you. 19 If you were of the world, the world would love its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, because of this the world hates you. 20 Remember the word that I said to you, 'A slave is not greater than his master.' If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you; if they kept My word, they will keep yours also. 21 But all these things they will do to you for My name's sake, because they do not know the One who sent Me. 22 If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin. 23 He who hates Me hates My Father also. 24 If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would not have sin; but now they have both seen and hated Me and My Father as well. 25 But they have done this to fulfill the word that is written in their Law, ‘They hated Me without a cause.’ 26 When the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, that is the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify about Me, 27 and you will testify also, because you have been with Me from the beginning.”

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Rock of Ages, righteous throughout all generations.

You are the faithful God, promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,

for all Your words are true and righteous.

Faithful are You, Yahweh our God, and faithful are Your words,

for no word of Yours shall remain unfulfilled;

You are a faithful and merciful God and King.

Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."

 


© 2006  Beikvot HaMashiach
(Followers of the Messiah)

 

 

 

 

space jam 5s jordan 11 low bred space jam 5s space jam 5s cement tongue 5s jordan 11 low bred jordan 5 cement tongue jordan 11 low bred low bred 11s jordan 5 cement tongue jordan 5 cement tongue cement tongue 5s jordan 5 space jam jordan 5 space jam jordan 5 cement tongue jordan 5 cement tongue cement tongue 5s jordan 11 low bred cement tongue 5s low bred 11s jordan 11 low citrus jordan 13 low bred low bred 13s low citrus 11s Jordan retro 11 jordan 11 low citrus jordan 13 low bred jordan 13 low bred jordan 13 low bred jordan 13 low bred Jordan retro 11 low citrus 11s Jordan retro 11 jordan 11 low citrus low citrus 11s jordan 5 space jam jordan 13 low bred jordan 13 low bred jordan 11 low citrus low citrus 11s