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Commentary - Year 3 Sabbath 17

Numbers 28:1 - 29:40  -   Ezekiel 45:13-25   -   Psalm 115   -   Hebrews 10:1-39
 

 

Tammuz 26, 5763 / July 26, 2003 

Tammuz 26, 5766 / July 22, 2006

Tammuz 26, 5769 / July 18, 2009

Tammuz 24, 5772 / July 14, 2012

Tammuz 24, 5775 / July 11, 2015

 

 

Qarbani / My Offerings   SCRIPTURES should be read first   Yeshua is Yahweh's ultimate offering!

 

The Biblical, future “Renewed Covenant” (Heb. Brit Hadashah) is a confused subject today because of the popular doctrine of a present “New Covenant.” This modern doctrine is promoted by calling the Apostolic writings “The New Testament,” and by denying the God of the ancients, Yahweh, as the God of Grace. Both God and His Word are wrongly seen as changed to something “Christian,” with “Christ” also being a mostly misunderstood word.

 

Commentary:

 

In many of our Bibles (e.g., NASB, KJV, RSV, NIV), in Mark 7:11, we see the term “Corban.” The context is Yeshua reproving some hypocrites, who say that they cannot support their parents because any such means in their possession is dedicated as “Corban” – an offering to God.

 

“Corban” is a transliteration – a Hebrew word written in English letters (as previously written in Greek letters). “Qarbani,” the possessive form, is the Hebrew word that titles today’s Torah portion (Numbers 28-29). It means “My offering,” and since God is the speaker, it means God’s offering. While it is generally understood that this means an offering that belongs to God, consider this: it can mean an offering made by God! This is not to imply that only one of the meanings is intended, but rather that God requires us to bring His earthly (animal and grain) offerings to portray His heavenly (Messiah) offering.

 

 

The traditional “three interpretations” may be readily seen here – the literal, the prophetic, and the spiritual. (A) There are ordinances: we are required to bring material offerings – animals and grain. (B) There is prophecy: God provides His offering – Messiah. (C) There is spiritual meaning: we are to be His offering.

 

These three are interrelated. The offerings of the ordinances represent the souls of the bringers. They also prophetically portray Yeshua. Yeshua was offered in our stead: He represents us being offered. We owe our lives to Him as an offering.

 

The animals offered were to be spotless. Yeshua was the perfect offering. We are commanded to be perfect, as offerings to God.

 

 

A.  LITERAL (Ordinances)

                1.  Past – “This is the offering by fire which you shall offer to Yahweh” (Numbers 28:3).

                2.  Future –  “This is the offering that you shall offer” (Ezekiel 45:13).

 

Elevation Offerings at Appointed Times

 

Numbers 28:2  “My (korban) offerings of bread (meat or grain), by fire made a soothing aroma to Me, you shall take care to offer at their appointed times.”

 

Note: an omer is 1/10 of an ephah, or about 3 dry quarts; a hin is about 1 liquid gallon.

 

28:3  The (Tamid) continual elevation offering – every morning and evening:

One lamb (entirely burned on altar) with one omer fine wheat flour mixed with ¼ hin beaten oil (scalded, baked, and fried; entirely burned on altar), and ¼ hin wine poured out (on altar).

 

28:9  Sabbath elevation offering (in addition to continual offering):

God requires us to keep His Sabbath holy in portrayal of His Sabbath being made holy by Himself! *

 

Two male lambs one year old [entirely burned on altar] with 2 omers fine wheat flour mixed with ½ hin oil, and ½ hin wine poured out.

 

Ezekiel (Millennium): One ram and six lambs; one ephah flour and one hin oil for the ram, as much flour as able for each lamb, with proportionate oil.

 

Added one ram and four lambs.

                                                                                                                                     

28:11  Rosh Hodesh (Head of the Month):

(Mussaf) Two bulls with with 6 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and 1 hin wine poured out;

one ram with 2 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and and 1/3 hin wine poured out;

seven male lambs one year old with 7 omer fine flour mixed with 2¼ hin oil, and 2¼ hin wine poured out.

[Add one (Mussaf) male kid sin-offering., and wine poured out.]

 

Ezekiel (Millennium): One bull, one ram, and six lambs; one ephah flour and one hin oil for the bull, same for the ram, as much flour as able for each lamb, with proportionate oil.

 

Subtracted one bull, one lamb, and one goat.

 

28:16  Feast of Unleavened Bread (Nisan 15-21)

(One Passover male lamb or kid, slaughtered in Temple courtyard in afternoon of Nisan 14, blood poured on lower part of altar wall, to be eaten until first midnight with unleavened bread and bitter herbs by those for whom it was offered.)

(Mussaf) Two bulls with with 6 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and 1 hin wine poured out;

one ram with 2 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and and 1/3 hin wine poured out;

seven male lambs one year old with 7 omer fine flour mixed with 2¼ hin oil, and 2¼ hin wine poured out.

 [Add one (Mussaf) male kid sin-offering., and wine poured out.]

 

28:26  Day of the Firstfruits (Pentecost)

[Two loaves of leavened bread, each made with one omer of fine wheat flour, to be waved with two (Shelamim) male lambs, and one (Mussaf) male kid sin-offering., and wine poured out.]

(Mussaf) Two bulls with with 6 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and 1 hin wine poured out;

one ram with 2 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and and 1/3 hin wine poured out;

seven male lambs one year old with 7 omer fine flour mixed with 2¼ hin oil, and 2¼ hin wine poured out.

 

29:1  Feast of Trumpets (in addition to Continual offering and Rosh Hodesh offering):

(Mussaf) One bull with with 3 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and 1/2 hin wine poured out;

one ram with 2 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and and 1/3 hin wine poured out;

seven male lambs one year old with 7 omer fine flour mixed with 2¼ hin oil, and 2¼ hin wine poured out.

[Add one (Mussaf) male kid sin-offering., and wine poured out.]

 

29:7  Day of the Atonements

[Two goats as symbols of two atonements of Yeshua: one carries our sin away, one takes soothing aroma to God in our stead.]

(Mussaf) One bull with with 3 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and 1/2 hin wine poured out;

one ram with 2 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and and 1/3 hin wine poured out;

seven male lambs one year old with 7 omer fine flour mixed with 2¼ hin oil, and 2¼ hin wine poured out.

 [Add one (Mussaf) male kid sin-offering., and wine poured out.]

 

29:12  Feast of Tabernacles (seven days picturing seven millenniums of this world – including Sabbath Millennium when Yeshua reigns)

Totals for seven days (in addition to continual offering and Sabbath offering):

70 bulls (13+12+11+10+9+8+7) representing the seventy nations,

14 rams (2 each day),

98 lambs (14 each day)

[add 7 goats for sin offerings (1 each day)],

each with corresponding grain and wine offerings.

 

29:35  Eighth Day Assembly (picturing time of final redemption / renewed earth)

 (Mussaf) One bull (representing one people of prior seventy nations) each with 3 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and 1/2 hin wine poured out;

one ram with 2 omer fine flour mixed with oil, and and 1/3 hin wine poured out;

seven male lambs one year old, each with 1 omer fine flour mixed with ¼ hin oil, and ¼ hin wine poured out.

[Add one (Mussaf) male kid sin-offering., and wine poured out.],

 

29:39 “You shall present these to Yahweh at your appointed times, besides your votive offerings and your freewill offerings, for your elevation offerings and for your grain offerings and for your libations and for your peace offerings.”

 

Dry Measure

Liquid Measure

 

Eggs

U.S. Measure

 

 

 

 

based on 2 oz egg

Kor

Kor

 

4320

67 1/2 gallons

Ephah

Bat

1/10  Kor

432

6 3/4 gallons

Se'ah

 

1/30  Kor

144

2 1/4 gallons

Tarkav

Hin

1/60  Kor

72

1 1/8 gallons (oil / wine)

Omer / Isaron

 

1/100 Kor  =  1/10 Ephah

43

2 2/3 quarts (4 lbs flour)

Kav

 

1/180 Kor

24

1 1/2 quarts

 

Log

1/720 Kor

6

1 1/2 cups

 

B.  PROPHETIC – “For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified” (Hebrews    10:14).

 

Hebrews 10 requires close scrutiny, in order to understand that which is our hope for the future, and that which is our means of instruction for now.

 

The subject is things to come. The first line (v.1) refers to “good things to come,” and Torah having shadows of them. The “things to come” are promises of God for which we patiently wait. “Things to come” include the return of Messiah, and our final redemption.

Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful; and let us consider how to stimulate one another to love and good deeds” – v.23-24.

Our hope” and “He who promised is faithful” obviously have to do with things to come.

 

Torah’s Sabbaths and Festivals, with their offerings, foreshadow “things to come” These shadow-pictures are designed and commanded by God: they are not (as some versions state) “mere shadows” or “only shadows”. They are God’s instructive pictures to us. This teaching is for both Hebrews and Gentiles.

[To Hebrews] “The Torah, since it has a shadow of the ‘good things to come,’. . .” – v.1.

[To Gentiles] . . . a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day – things which are a shadow of ‘what is to come;’ the body (casting the shadow) being MessiahColossians 2:16-17.

 

God prepared for Himself an offering: “My offering” (qarbani) is Yeshua! As Yahweh commanded, “You shall be careful to present My offering . . . at their appointed time,” so Yeshua was crucified at exactly the appointed time – “between the evenings” on Nisan 14 (Leviticus 23:6).

 

Yeshua will return, and then we will be perfected, and sin will be remembered no more. For now, there is still chastisement for sin, and repentance is still required. There is still sickness and death, because sin is not yet forgotten. Where it is written (v.17), “And their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more”, it refers to “those days” (v.16) defined in Jeremiah 31:31-34:

Behold, days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when I will make a renewed Covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares Yahweh. “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares Yahweh, “I will put My law within them, and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. And they shall not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know Yahweh,’ for they shall all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares Yahweh, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.

Under this Renewed Covenant, everyone will “know Yahweh, from the least to the greatest,” and evangelization will be unnecessary, making obvious that it is part of the “good things to come.”

 

This Renewed Covenant will not be new in its intent, which is to bring us to love God and neighbor; it will be new in the way it is applied – to the heart instead of written letters on stone or parchment. Today we must still read and learn God’s ways; after our final redemption, we will naturally and wholeheartedly follow God.

 

C.  SPIRITUAL – “We will bless Yahweh . . . forever” (Psalm 115:18).

 

Therefore I urge you, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect” (Romans 12:1-2).

 

 “You also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Yeshua the Messiah” (1 Peter 2:5)

 

 

Animal Offerings and Yeshua’s Crucifixion – Hebrews 10

For yet in a very little while, HE who is coming will come – Hebrews 10:37.

 

Note: A separate article defines some the many various offerings of the Torah.

 

Text Box: From Adam to Moses, offerings were performed at various sites.
 
 
 
 
 
From Moses to Solomon, offerings were required to be performed only at the Tabernacle.  [AM 2449 – 2935 (486 years)]
From Solomon on, offerings were required to be performed only at the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. [AM 2935 – 3338 (403 years) & 3408 – 3830 (422 years)] 
 
Offerings did not cease due to Yeshua’s crucifixion. Several years after the crucifixion, the Apostle Paul performed offerings at the Temple.
 
In periods when the Temple is destroyed, including the Babylonian exile and the present, no offerings are performed. 
 
Offerings will be resumed when the Temple is rebuilt, for the last millennium of this earth.  [1000 years]
 
Under the Renewed Covenant, there will be no remembrance of sin, and no death – human or animal.
 
 
 

Adam

 

 

Noah

 

 

Abraham

Tabernacle

 

1st Temple

 2nd Temple

 

Yeshua

 

 

 

 

Present

3rd Temple

Messiah’s Reign

 

World Renewed

By Fire

 

 

 

HEBREWS  10 – The Renewed Covenant

 

The offerings from the Torah that portray Yeshua (Jesus) until He comes (future) are contrasted here to how His offering of Himself applies to the future eternal state. Until the end of the Sabbath Millennium – the thousand-year reign of Yeshua on this earth, God will require animal and grain offerings (when there is a Temple in Jerusalem). When the earth is renewed by fire and perfected, there will be no remembrance of sin, and no death – human or animal.

 

BACKGROUND

 

Several years after Yeshua’s crucifixion, Paul offered required animals at the Temple for the completion of Nazarite vows.

 

Acts 21: 20 And when they [disciples at Jerusalem] heard it they began glorifying God; and they said to him [Paul], "You see, brother, how many thousands there are among the Jews of those who have believed, and they are all zealous for the Law; 21 and they have been told about you, that you are teaching all the Jews who are among the Gentiles to forsake Moses, telling them not to circumcise their children nor to walk according to the customs. 22 "What, then, is to be done? They will certainly hear that you have come. 23 "Therefore do this that we tell you. We have four men who are under a [Nazarite] vow; 24 take them and purify yourself along with them, and pay their expenses so that they may shave their heads; and all will know that there is nothing to the things which they have been told about you, but that you yourself also walk orderly, keeping the Law.  .  .  .  26 Then Paul took the men, and the next day, purifying himself along with them, went into the temple giving notice of the completion of the days of purification, until the sacrifice was offered for each one of them.

Numbers 6: 13 Now this is the law of the Nazirite when the days of his separation are fulfilled, he shall bring the offering to the doorway of the tent of meeting. 14 He shall present his offering to Yahweh: one male lamb a year old without defect for an elevation offering and one ewe-lamb a year old without defect for a sin offering and one ram without defect for a peace offering  .  .  .     21 This is the law of the Nazirite who vows his offering to Yahweh according to his separation, in addition to what else he can afford; according to his vow which he takes, so he shall do according to the law of his separation.

 

Before the world is renewed by fire, when Yeshua reigns for the final thousand years of this world, (see Revelation 20), there will be a Temple of the Holy One in Jerusalem, with animal offerings being required.

 

Ezekiel 46: 1 Thus says Lord Yahweh, “The gate of the inner court facing east shall be shut the six working days; but it shall be opened on the Sabbath day and opened on the day of the new moon. 2 The prince shall enter by way of the porch of the gate from outside and stand by the post of the gate. Then the priests shall provide his elevation offering and his peace offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate and then go out; but the gate shall not be shut until the evening. 3 The people of the land shall also worship at the doorway of that gate before Yahweh on the Sabbaths and on the new moons. 4 The elevation offering which the prince shall offer to Yahweh on the Sabbath day shall be six lambs without blemish and a ram without blemish; 5 and the grain offering shall be an ephah with the ram, and the grain offering with the lambs as much as he is able to give, and a hin of oil with an ephah. 6 On the day of the new moon he shall offer a young bull without blemish, also six lambs and a ram, which shall be without blemish. 7 "And he shall provide a grain offering, an ephah with the bull and an ephah with the ram, and with the lambs as much as he is able, and a hin of oil with an ephah.”

 

After the earth is restored to perfection, weekly Sabbaths and other times will still be observed, as they were from creation; sin and death will have been abolished.

 

2 Peter 3: 13 But according to His promise we are looking for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness dwells.

Revelation 21: 1 Then I saw new heavens and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away.  .  .  4 and He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away.

Isaiah 66: 22 “For just as the new heavens and the new earth which I make will endure before Me,” declares Yahweh, “So your offspring and your name will endure. 23 And it shall be from new moon to new moon and from Sabbath to Sabbath, all mankind will come to bow down before Me,” says Yahweh.

 

The Renewed Covenant is defined in Jeremiah 31 for a yet future time. It applies to a time when everyone will know God, and there will be no more remembrance of sin. This is the “New Covenant” referenced in Hebrews 10. (The term “New Covenant” is erroneously applied to the Holy Books of Matthew through Revelation.)

 

Jeremiah 31 –  30:23 Behold, the tempest of Yahweh! Wrath has gone forth, a sweeping tempest; it will burst on the head of the wicked. 24 The fierce anger of Yahweh will not turn back until He has performed and until He has accomplished the intent of His heart; in the latter days you will understand this. 31:1 “At that time,” declares Yahweh, “I will be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be My people.” .  .  .  .

31 “Behold, days are coming,” declares Yahweh, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, 32 not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them," declares Yahweh. 33 “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares Yahweh, “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. 34 They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know Yahweh,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares Yahweh, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”

 

Psalm 40 contains the messianic prophecy quoted in Hebrews 10.

 

Psalm 40: 6 Sacrifice and meal offering You have not desired; My ears You have opened; elevation offering and sin offering You have not required. 7 Then I said, “Behold, I come; in the scroll of the book it is written of me. 8 I delight to do Your will, O my God; Your Torah is within my heart.”

 

The Text  Note: This applies to future!

 

Intro: Hebrews 9: 27 And inasmuch as it is appointed for men to die once and after this comes judgment, 28 so Messiah also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation [future] without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him.

 

Hebrews 10: 1 For the Torah, since it has a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same offerings which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near. 2 Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, because the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have had consciousness of sins? 3 But in those offerings there is a reminder of sins year by year. 4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. [Animal offerings never took away sins!]

 5 Therefore, when He comes [not past tense] into the world, He says, [Psalm 40:6-8] "SACRIFICE AND OFFERING YOU HAVE NOT DESIRED, BUT A BODY YOU HAVE PREPARED FOR ME; 6 IN WHOLE ELEVATION OFFERINGS AND OFFERINGS FOR SIN YOU HAVE TAKEN NO PLEASURE. 7 THEN I SAID, 'BEHOLD, I HAVE COME (IN THE SCROLL OF THE BOOK IT IS WRITTEN OF ME) TO DO YOUR WILL, O GOD.'"

 8 After saying above, "SACRIFICES AND OFFERINGS AND WHOLE ELEVATION OFFERINGS AND OFFERINGS FOR SIN YOU HAVE NOT DESIRED, NOR HAVE YOU TAKEN PLEASURE in them" (which are offered according to the Torah), 9 then He said, "BEHOLD, I HAVE COME TO DO YOUR WILL." He takes away the first in order to establish the second.

 10 By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Yeshua the Messiah once for all. 11 Every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins; 12 but He, having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, SAT DOWN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD, 13 waiting from that time onward UNTIL [future] HIS ENEMIES BE MADE A FOOTSTOOL FOR HIS FEET. 14 For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified.

 15 And the Holy Spirit also testifies to us; for after saying, 16 [Jeremiah 31] "THIS IS THE COVENANT THAT I WILL MAKE WITH THEM AFTER THOSE DAYS, SAYS THE LORD: I WILL PUT MY LAWS UPON THEIR HEART, AND ON THEIR MIND I WILL WRITE THEM," He then says, 17 "AND THEIR SINS AND THEIR LAWLESS DEEDS I WILL REMEMBER NO MORE."

 18 Now where there is forgiveness of these things, there is no longer any offering for sin. 19 Therefore, brethren, since we have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Yeshua, 20 by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us through the veil, that is, His flesh, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful; 24 and let us consider how to stimulate one another to love and good deeds, 25 not forsaking our own assembling together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another; and all the more as you see the day drawing near. 26 For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, 27 but a terrifying expectation of judgment and THE FURY OF A FIRE WHICH WILL CONSUME THE ADVERSARIES. 28 Anyone who has set aside the Law of Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29 How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has insulted the Spirit of grace? 30 For we know Him who said, "VENGEANCE IS MINE, I WILL REPAY." And again, "THE LORD WILL JUDGE HIS PEOPLE." 31 It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

 32 But remember the former days, when, after being enlightened, you endured a great conflict of sufferings, 33 partly by being made a public spectacle through reproaches and tribulations, and partly by becoming sharers with those who were so treated. 34 For you showed sympathy to the prisoners and accepted joyfully the seizure of your property, knowing that you have for yourselves a better possession and a lasting one. 35 Therefore, do not throw away your confidence, which has a great reward. 36 For you have need of endurance, so that when you have done the will of God, you may receive what was promised. 37 FOR YET IN A VERY LITTLE WHILE, HE WHO IS COMING WILL COME [future], AND WILL NOT DELAY. 38 BUT MY RIGHTEOUS ONE SHALL LIVE BY FAITH; AND IF HE SHRINKS BACK, MY SOUL HAS NO PLEASURE IN HIM. 39 But we are not of those who shrink back to destruction, but of those who have faith to the preserving of the soul.

 

Then: Hebrews 11: 1 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for [future], the conviction of things not seen.

(V.10) for we are looking for a city [future] that has firm foundations, whose architect and builder is God! We are partakers of that promise to Abraham! (See Eph 2:12, 3:6, & Gal 3:8.)

 

 

Readings:

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who chose us from among all peoples by giving us Your Torah.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

Reader 1*  Amen. 1 Then Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, 2 "Command the sons of Israel and say to them, 'You shall be careful to present My offering, My food for My offerings by fire, of a soothing aroma to Me, at their appointed time.' 3 "You shall say to them, 'This is the offering by fire which you shall offer to Yahweh: two male lambs one year old without defect as a continual elevation offering every day. 4 'You shall offer the one lamb in the morning and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight; 5 also a tenth of an ephah of fine flour for a grain offering, mixed with a fourth of a hin of beaten oil. 6 'It is a continual elevation offering which was ordained in Mount Sinai as a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to Yahweh. 7 'Then the drink offering with it shall be a fourth of a hin for each lamb, in the holy place you shall pour out a drink offering of strong drink to Yahweh. 8 'The other lamb you shall offer at twilight; as the grain offering of the morning and as its drink offering, you shall offer it, an offering by fire, a soothing aroma to Yahweh.

Reader 2*  Amen. 9 'Then on the Sabbath day two male lambs one year old without defect, and two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil as a grain offering, and its drink offering: 10 'This is the elevation offering of every Sabbath in addition to the continual elevation offering and its drink offering. 11 'Then at the beginning of each of your months you shall present an elevation offering to Yahweh: two bulls and one ram, seven male lambs one year old without defect; 12 and three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, for each bull; and two-tenths of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering, for the one ram; 13 and a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a grain offering for each lamb, for a burnt offering of a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to Yahweh. 14 'Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bull and a third of a hin for the ram and a fourth of a hin for a lamb; this is the elevation offering of each month throughout the months of the year. 15 'And one male goat for a sin offering to Yahweh; it shall be offered with its drink offering in addition to the continual elevation offering.

Reader 3*  Amen. 16 'Then on the fourteenth day of the first month shall be Yahweh's Passover. 17 'On the fifteenth day of this month shall be a feast, unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days. 18 'On the first day shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work. 19 'You shall present an offering by fire, an elevation offering to Yahweh: two bulls and one ram and seven male lambs one year old, having them without defect. 20 'For their grain offering, you shall offer fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for a bull and two-tenths for the ram. 21 'A tenth of an ephah you shall offer for each of the seven lambs; 22 and one male goat for a sin offering to make atonement for you. 23 'You shall present these besides the elevation offering of the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering. 24 'After this manner you shall present daily, for seven days, the food of the offering by fire, of a soothing aroma to Yahweh; it shall be presented with its drink offering in addition to the continual elevation offering. 25 'On the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work.

Reader 4*  Amen. 26 'Also on the day of the first fruits, when you present a new grain offering to Yahweh in your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work. 27 'You shall offer an elevation offering for a soothing aroma to Yahweh: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs one year old; 28 and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for each bull, two-tenths for the one ram, 29 a tenth for each of the seven lambs; 30 also one male goat to make atonement for you. 31 'Besides the continual elevation offering and its grain offering, you shall present them with their drink offerings. They shall be without defect.

Reader 5*  Amen. 29:1 'Now in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall also have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work. It will be to you a day for blowing trumpets. 2 'You shall offer an elevation offering as a soothing aroma to Yahweh: one bull, one ram, and seven male lambs one year old without defect; 3 also their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the ram, 4 and one-tenth for each of the seven lambs. 5 'Offer one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you, 6 besides the elevation offering of the new moon and its grain offering, and the continual elevation offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings, according to their ordinance, for a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to Yahweh. 7 'Then on the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall humble yourselves; you shall not do any work. 8 'You shall present an elevation offering to Yahweh as a soothing aroma: one bull, one ram, seven male lambs one year old, having them without defect; 9 and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the one ram, 10 a tenth for each of the seven lambs; 11 one male goat for a sin offering, besides the sin offering of atonement and the continual elevation offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings.

Reader 6*  Amen. 12 'Then on the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work, and you shall observe a feast to Yahweh for seven days. 13 'You shall present an elevation offering, an offering by fire as a soothing aroma to Yahweh: thirteen bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs one year old, which are without defect; 14 and their grain offering, fine flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah for each of the thirteen bulls, two-tenths for each of the two rams, 15 and a tenth for each of the fourteen lambs; 16 and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual elevation offering, its grain offering and its drink offering. 17 'Then on the second day: twelve bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs one year old without defect; 18 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number according to the ordinance; 19 and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual elevation offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings. 20 'Then on the third day: eleven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs one year old without defect; 21 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number according to the ordinance; 22 and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual elevation offering and its grain offering and its drink offering. 23 'Then on the fourth day: ten bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs one year old without defect; 24 their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number according to the ordinance; 25 and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual elevation offering, its grain offering and its drink offering. 26 'Then on the fifth day: nine bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs one year old without defect; 27 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number according to the ordinance; 28 and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual elevation offering and its grain offering and its drink offering. 29 'Then on the sixth day: eight bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs one year old without defect; 30 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number according to the ordinance; 31 and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual elevation offering, its grain offering and its drink offerings. 32 'Then on the seventh day: seven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs one year old without defect; 33 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams and for the lambs, by their number according to the ordinance; 34 and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual elevation offering, its grain offering and its drink offering.

Reader 7*  Amen. 35 'On the eighth day you shall have a solemn assembly; you shall do no laborious work. 36 'But you shall present a burnt offering, an offering by fire, as a soothing aroma to Yahweh: one bull, one ram, seven male lambs one year old without defect; 37 their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bull, for the ram and for the lambs, by their number according to the ordinance; 38 and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual elevation offering and its grain offering and its drink offering. 39 'You shall present these to Yahweh at your appointed times, besides your votive offerings and your freewill offerings, for your elevation offerings and for your grain offerings and for your drink offerings and for your peace offerings.'" 40 Moses spoke to the sons of Israel in accordance with all that Yahweh had commanded Moses.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the Torah."

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"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Who selected good prophets, delighting in their words which were spoken truthfully.

Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,

and the prophets of truth and righteousness."

 

Ezekiel 45:13-25

13 "This is the offering that you shall offer: a sixth of an ephah from a homer of wheat; a sixth of an ephah from a homer of barley; 14 and the prescribed portion of oil (namely, the bath of oil), a tenth of a bath from each kor (which is ten baths or a homer, for ten baths are a homer); 15 and one sheep from each flock of two hundred from the watering places of Israel – for a grain offering, for an elevation offering, and for peace offerings, to make atonement for them," declares Lord Yahweh. 16 "All the people of the land shall give to this offering for the prince in Israel. 17 "And it shall be the prince's part to provide the elevation offerings, the grain offerings, and the libations, at the feasts, on the new moons, and on the Sabbaths, at all the appointed feasts of the house of Israel; he shall provide the sin offering, the grain offering, the elevation offering, and the peace offerings, to make atonement for the house of Israel." 18 'Thus says Lord Yahweh, "In the first month, on the first of the month, you shall take a young bull without blemish and cleanse the sanctuary. 19 "And the priest shall take some of the blood from the sin offering and put it on the door posts of the house, on the four corners of the ledge of the altar, and on the posts of the gate of the inner court. 20 "And thus you shall do on the seventh day of the month for everyone who goes astray or is naive; so you shall make atonement for the house. 21 "In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you shall have the Passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten. 22 "And on that day the prince shall provide for himself and all the people of the land a bull for a sin offering. 23 "And during the seven days of the feast he shall provide as an elevation offering to Yahweh seven bulls and seven rams without blemish on every day of the seven days, and a male goat daily for a sin offering. 24 "And he shall provide as a grain offering an ephah with a bull, an ephah with a ram, and a hin of oil with an ephah. 25 "In the seventh month, on the fifteenth day of the month, at the feast, he shall provide like this, seven days for the sin offering, the elevation offering, the grain offering, and the oil."

Psalm 115

1 Not to us, Yahweh, not to us, but to Thy name give glory because of Thy lovingkindness, because of Thy truth. 2 Why should the nations say, "Where, now, is their God?" 3 But our God is in the heavens; He does whatever He pleases. 4 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of man's hands. 5 They have mouths, but they cannot speak; they have eyes, but they cannot see; 6 they have ears, but they cannot hear; they have noses, but they cannot smell; 7 they have hands, but they cannot feel; they have feet, but they cannot walk; they cannot make a sound with their throat. 8 Those who make them will become like them, everyone who trusts in them. 9 O Israel, trust in Yahweh; He is their help and their shield. 10 O house of Aaron, trust in Yahweh; He is their help and their shield. 11 You who fear Yahweh, trust in Yahweh; He is their help and their shield. 12 Yahweh has been mindful of us; He will bless us; He will bless the house of Israel; He will bless the house of Aaron. 13 He will bless those who fear Yahweh, the small together with the great. 14 May Yahweh give you increase, you and your children. 15 May you be blessed of Yahweh, Maker of heaven and earth. 16 The heavens are the heavens of Yahweh; but the earth He has given to the sons of men. 17 The dead do not praise Yahweh, nor do any who go down into silence; 18 but as for us, we will bless Yahweh from this time forth and forever. Praise Yahweh!

Hebrews 10

1 For the Law, since it has a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never by the same sacrifices year by year, which they offer continually, make perfect those who draw near. 2 Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered, because the worshipers, having once been cleansed, would no longer have had consciousness of sins? 3 But in those sacrifices there is a reminder of sins year by year. 4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. 5 Therefore, when He comes into the world, He says, "Sacrifice and offering Thou hast not desired, but a body Thou hast prepared for Me; 6 in whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin Thou hast taken no pleasure. 7 "Then I said, 'Behold, I have come (In the roll of the book it is written of Me) To do Thy will, O God.'" 8 After saying above, "Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin Thou hast not desired, nor hast Thou taken pleasure in them" (which are offered according to the Law), 9 then He said, "Behold, I have come to do Thy will." He takes away the first in order to establish the second. 10 By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Yeshua Messiah once for all. 11 And every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins; 12 but He, having offered one sacrifice for sins for all time, sat down at the right hand of God, 13 waiting from that time onward until His enemies be made a footstool for His feet. 14 For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified. 15 And the Holy Spirit also bears witness to us; for after saying, 16 "This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, says Yahweh: I will put My laws upon their heart, and upon their mind I will write them," He then says, 17 "And their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more." 18 Now where there is forgiveness of these things, there is no longer any offering for sin. 19 Since therefore, brethren, we have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Yeshua, 20 by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us through the veil, that is, His flesh, 21 and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22 let us draw near with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful; 24 and let us consider how to stimulate one another to love and good deeds, 25 not forsaking our own assembling together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another; and all the more, as you see the day drawing near. 26 For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, 27 but a certain terrifying expectation of judgment, and the fury of a fire which will consume the adversaries. 28 Anyone who has set aside the Law of Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29 How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has insulted the Spirit of grace? 30 For we know Him who said, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay." And again, "Yahweh will judge His people." 31 It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God. 32 But remember the former days, when, after being enlightened, you endured a great conflict of sufferings, 33 partly, by being made a public spectacle through reproaches and tribulations, and partly by becoming sharers with those who were so treated. 34 For you showed sympathy to the prisoners, and accepted joyfully the seizure of your property, knowing that you have for yourselves a better possession and an abiding one. 35 Therefore, do not throw away your confidence, which has a great reward. 36 For you have need of endurance, so that when you have done the will of God, you may receive what was promised. 37 For yet in a very little while, He who is coming will come, and will not delay. 38 But My righteous one shall live by faith; and if he shrinks back, My soul has no pleasure in him. 39 But we are not of those who shrink back to destruction, but of those who have faith to the preserving of the soul.

 

"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King of the Universe,

Rock of Ages, righteous throughout all generations.

You are the faithful God, promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,

for all Your words are true and righteous.

Faithful are You, Yahweh our God, and faithful are Your words,

for no word of Yours shall remain unfulfilled;

You are a faithful and merciful God and King.

Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words.


© 2003  Beikvot HaMashiach
(Followers of the Messiah)