From Creation to the End of the
“In the beginning Elohim created the
heavens and the earth” – Genesis 1:1.
“GOD” is a common translation of Elohim – the Judge.
Elohim is a name for our God representing Him as Judge of His
creation. “Elohim (the Judge of His creation) looked on the
earth, and behold, it was corrupt” – Genesis 6:12.
“I, Yahweh, do not change”
– Malachi 3:6.
“LORD” (all caps) is a common substitution for Yahweh – the
Eternal. Yahweh is the Holy Name of our God representing Him
as the Eternal Gracious One. “But Noah found grace in the eyes of
Yahweh” – Genesis 6:8.
God does not change in his dealing with His people.
“That which has been is that which will be, and that which has been
done is that which will be done. So there is nothing new under the
sun” – Ecclesiastes 1:9.
God created the
earth, suitable for intended creatures. Then God created man, to
walk with Him, led by His Spirit. God gave instruction – Torah
– to Adam.
When man fell,
rejecting the leading of God’s Spirit and disobeying God’s
instruction, then God promised a redeemer. Those who trusted God’s
provision were instructed to display their faith with prescribed
actions (edot – ordinances) to display spiritual insights.
These ordinances included animal offerings, such as Abel performed,
showing his faith in the promised redeemer. Cain thought his own way
was good enough, and was rejected.
centuries, Elohim judged the world as corrupt and destroyed
most of it with a flood. But Yahweh showed grace to Noah. Our
God is eternally the God of grace and Judge of His creation.
centuries later, Noah’s descendants failed to spread out as
instructed. Yahweh, in grace, dispersed them into seventy
nations by giving them divergent languages (Genesis 11:9).
At the dawn of the
third millennium, Yahweh made a covenant with Abraham – the
father of many nations, to bring his descendants of faith back to a
world renewed like Eden (Genesis 14). The Apostle Paul carefully
explains how those who trust in Yeshua/Jesus are partakers in
that Abrahamic Covenant (Ephesians 2).
centuries, God separated those who offered the Passover lamb, to be
His qehal/church in the wilderness. These nominal followers
of Abraham had strayed so far from walking with God by His Spirit,
that God through Moses delivered commandments to show them their
error (Romans 3:20). God carved two stones: one with five
commandments showing how to love Yahweh, and one with five
commandments showing how to love a neighbor. He also instructed men
to “love Yahweh your Elohim with all your heart and
with all your soul and with all your might” (Deuteronomy 6:5), and
to “love your neighbor as yourself” (Leviticus 19:18).
were further detailed in three categories: mishpatim –
judgmemts (commonly known as moral laws), edot – ordinances
(performances to display spiritual insights), and huqqim –
statutes (actions that bring us closer to God). (Note: Common
English Bible translations completely mix up these three terms from
the Hebrew text.)
Late in the next
millennium, Yeshua/Jesus came as the promised redeemer. He
said that the greatest commandments are to “love the LORD your God
with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind”,
and to ”love your neighbor as yourself (Matthew 22:37-39): no
Yeshua/Jesus said, “Do not think that I came to
abolish the Torah or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish
but to fulfil. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass
away, not one yod (the smallest letter) or one serif
(stroke) shall pass from the Torah until all is
accomplished. Whoever then annuls one of the least of these
commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be
called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches
them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven” –
that He did not come to abolish Torah, and those who taught
against even the least of it would be the least in the Kingdom of
Heaven. One phrase is often extracted, “I came to fulfil,” and is
misinterpreted to contradict the previous phrase, “I did not come to
abolish.” If anyone would never steal, he would fulfil the law “Thou
shalt not steal”: but that law would still apply to him and everyone
else – it would not be abolished.
The Apostle Paul
took a Nazarite Vow to certify that he kept the Torah (as
given to Moses) and did not teach against it (Acts 21). He took an
animal offering to the Holy Temple at the conclusion of his vow (as
required by Numbers 6) – decades after the crucifixion,
resurrection, and ascension of Yeshua/Jesus!
Abel made a proper
offering; Abraham made proper offerings; the church in the
wilderness (see Acts 7:38) made proper offerings. Since the Holy
Temple was destroyed, animal offerings are forbidden anywhere else
(Deuteronomy 12:26-27). Animal offerings will properly resume at the
future Holy Temple (Ezekiel 43:18, 44:15). Animal offerings were
never a basis for salvation, but were ordinances (performances to
display spiritual insights) of God’s instruction, since Adam’s day,
and will be until the earth is renewed.
God has given
instruction for man – Torah (often called law), and He did
not change it 2000 years ago. There are no different dispensations,
such as of desolation, law, and grace. From creation, He was the God
of judgment and the gracious God, and He is still God of judgment
and the gracious God. He gives us instruction; we have no standing
to even question what He may or may not do (Romans 9:20) or what is
fair for Him (Romans 9:21). He holds all rights – we should
Salvation has been
by grace through a faith that produces works since the first man,
and has not changed. Men looked forward to Yeshua/Jesus as savior
from Adam’s time until 2000 years ago, and since then look back to
Him as savior. Judgment comes for every man, from Adam to us; there
is a judgment for rewards for the faithful – gain and loss per our
deeds (1 Corinthians 3:12), and a judgment for punishment for the
God had His church
3½ millenniums ago in the wilderness (Exodus 12:6, Acts 7:38).
Yeshua/Jesus came two millenniums ago to “build it up”, and He said
then that it would never die out (Matthew 16:18). Yeshua did not
come to start a new religion or a new church: He came to redeem and
build up His congregation. (Qehal is translated into Greek
then English as both sunagoge/synagogue and ekklasias/church;
these terms are not biblically distinct, only distinct by modern
Men of faith have
walked by the indwelling Holy Spirit for all time; there was no
basic change 2000 years ago. There have been several occasions of
special workings of the Holy Spirit in men to certify major workings
of God, such as through Moses and Elijah and Yeshua and His
(seventh day) was sanctified (made holy) by God at creation (Genesis
2:3); it applies to man since Adam (Exodus 20:8, Isaiah 56:6,
Matthew 2:27), and it will apply in the millennial reign of Messiah
(Ezekiel 46:3) and in eternal glory (Isaiah 66:22-23); He has never
changed it. Yeshua/Jesus did not ever break the Sabbath, as
some would interpret; He came to keep Torah instructions (Matthew
5:17). We are instructed to keep the Sabbath holy – meaning to
preserve it as a day dedicated to our Savior.
established seven annual Holy Days, related to three feasts. They
portray, in order, aspects of the “Salvation of Yahweh” –
from our redemption to our glorification. They are ordinances which
God calls “eternal” (Leviticus 23:21).
Yeshua/Jesus said: “I
also say to you that you are Peter (Petros), and upon this
rock (Petra) I will build My church; and the gates of Hades
will not overpower it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of
heaven; and whatever you bind on earth shall have been bound in
heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall have been loosed in
heaven” – Matthew 16:18-19.
God established a priesthood of the firstborn from Adam, then a
Levitical priesthood in Moses’ day (Numbers 8:18). From Moses, God
established the Sanhedrin (Numbers 11:16) to make halachic
judgments (how we should walk to fulfill Torah); then
Yeshua/Jesus gave His apostles halachic authority (Matthew
16:19). “Bind” means require or forbid, “loose” means allow freedom;
a woman is “bound” to her husband as long as he lives, but is
“loosed” – free to marry if she wishes, after he dies (Romans 7:2).
This halachic authority was given to the apostles, not only
Peter: “You are Petros/Peter (rock); upon these Petra
(rocks) . . .” refers to the twelve apostles (see Rev 21:14). “Bind”
is from the Greek pluperfect tense of deo, and “loose” is
from the pluperfect tense of luo: whatever the apostles would
bind or loose must be that which was in the past, and to remain in
the future, bound or loosed in heaven – that which was God’s
Torah, never to have one letter changed (Matthew 5:18)!
Elohim (the Judge of His
creation) destroyed/renewed the earth once by water (Genesis 6), and
will in the future destroy/renew it by fire (Luke 17:29, 2 Peter
3:12). Yahweh (the Eternal gracious one) has saved people
through faith, and led them by His Spirit (Ruakh haQodesh –
the Spirit of the Holy One), since Adam’s time, and throughout our
time. He has given us Torah/instruction that does not change!
He does not change – in the basic ways He deals with us.
“I, Yahweh, do not change”
– Malachi 3:6. “That which has been is that which
will be, and that which has been done is that which will be done. So
there is nothing new under the sun” – Ecclesiastes 1:9.