Adar 18,5762 /
Mar 2, 2002
I Adar 24, 5765 /
I Adar 24, 5768 /
I Adar 22, 5771 /
Feb 26, 2011
II Adar 20, 5774/
Mar 22, 2014
Adar 20, 5777/
Mar 18, 2017
Ki Y'daber /
When He Speaks
SCRIPTURES should be read first
Note on Ex
notes 400 years. Isaac lived 180 years, AM 2048-2228. Kohath (born in Canaan and
went to Egypt) lived 133 years (Ex 6:18), AM 2235-2368. His son Amram lived 137
years (Ex 6:20), 2255-2392. Moses lived from 2368 to the exodus at 2448, when he
was 80 years old (Ex 7:7). Thus the computation that the 400 years began with
the birth of Isaac: from the birth of Isaac in AM 2048 to the exodus in 2448 was
400 years. (per Seder Olam)
Going back to
the beginning of this chapter, we read, “Then
Yahweh said to Moses, ‘See, I make you as God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron
shall be your prophet. You shall speak all that I command you, and your brother
Aaron shall speak to Pharaoh that he let the sons of Israel go out of his land.
But I will harden Pharaoh's heart that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in
the land of Egypt’.” Before we ever hear
of Pharaoh hardening his heart, even before the Pharaoh ever hears of an
uprising, Yahweh says that He will harden the Pharaoh’s heart in order to
accomplish His purpose: namely, that (concerning the Hebrews) “you
shall know that I am Yahweh your God”
(v.6:7), and “The Egyptians shall know
that I am Yahweh, when I stretch out My hand on Egypt and bring out the sons of
Israel from their midst” (v.7:5). We
have spent two Sabbaths (Y1-46 and Y1-48) learning of the Name that God
proclaimed for Himself for all generations, and now we are to understand that He
would have both righteous and wicked know Him as the Eternal I Am – with no
doubt to be left.
We all should
be in awe of the Eternal Gracious One. He is not like us: He is so far above us
that we are as worms or grasshoppers. We cannot put Him under our rules, or
control what He does. He holds all of the rights, including life and death and
destiny. But everything that befalls believers is planned in love for their
Aaron's staff swallowed up their staffs.”
This prefigured the Red Sea swallowing up Egypt’s armies.
(Ex 7:14 –
12:36) The Ten Plagues
three plagues showed the existence of Yahweh (v.7:17). The next three plagues
showed that Yahweh ruled over all things (v.8:18). The last three plagues showed
Yahweh’s omnipotence – more powerful than any other (v.9:14). The tenth was the
promised (Ex 4:21-23) death of the firstborn. In each group of three plagues,
the first two were preceded by warnings to the Pharaoh, but after two
“witnesses”, the third came without warning as a judgment. The first warning of
each group came at the Nile River, and the second warning of each group came at
the Pharaoh’s palace: he claimed mastery over the River, and the palace was his
seat of authority; God used these two places to warn him of his arrogance.
(from R. Bachya)
Warning given at Nile
(place of claimed mastery)
Warning given at palace
(seat of authority)
Existence of Yahweh
1 Water becomes blood
2 Frogs cover land
3 Gnats from dust
Rulership of Yahweh
4 Crocodiles from river
5 Pestilence on cattle
6 Boils from soot
Omnipotence of Yahweh
7 Hail (from evaporation)
8 Locusts consume crops
Fulfillment of Word
10 Death of firstborn
Only the Egyptians were plagued by their water turning to blood; when the
Pharaoh had his magicians copy the plague, they had to get water from the
Hebrews’ area (or possibly from new wells). After seven days, the blood turned
back to water.
[Traditionally, it is taught that each plague lasted seven days, except when the
Pharaoh asked Moses for relief; and each plague occurred in a succeeding month.]
apparently only asked for relief from those plagues that were life threatening
(frogs, wild beasts, hail, locusts, and death of the firstborn – of which the
Pharaoh was one). (Or HaChaim)
The Pharaoh may have suspected that Moses was but a superior magician, who could
determine when a plague would naturally end: so he asked Moses to pray
immediately that the plague of frogs would cease at a specific time – the next
day. He was willing to endure the frogs longer to test this God of Moses.
When the magicians could not copy the plague of lice, they said, “This is the
finger of Elohim.” They acknowledged a God of creation, but not Yahweh, the One
people are finally delivered from this world of sin, which Egypt represents,
then there will again be plagues similar to those of the past. Upon the
‘Egyptians’ – those who worship the ‘beast’ – there will be malignant sores,
reminiscent of the boils. Then the sea, and next the rivers, will be turned to
blood. Fourthly, there will be a plague of fire and heat – more devastating than
ice hail. The fifth plague will be darkness, just like in Egypt. Then there will
appear three unclean spirits – like frogs; they will perform signs to deceive
the world’s people.
seventh angel pours out his bowl of judgment, a voice from the Temple will be
heard saying, “It is done”. Hundred-pound hail stones will be falling, and
Babylon will be destroyed. The kingdoms of this world must become the Kingdom of
lillies, are symbolic of a bride, figurative of a
lover’s lips. According to Metzudas Zion, these shoshannim
(usually translated lilies) are musical instruments shaped like a roses,
used in accompaniment with this Psalm.
that this love song was dedicated specifically to Messiah, as well as David. “The
Midrash and commentaries relate this Psalm to several individuals described in
Scripture. At first Abraham was universally ostracized for his teachings, but he
was later acclaimed as the leading citizen of the world. At first David was
vilified and pursued, but he was finally accepted as ruler and king. At first
Messiah will be challenged, but He will ultimately become the universal
sovereign.” (Artscroll Tanach - Tehillim)
This Psalm is
“A Song of Love” – concerning the Messiah and His Bride, as she is being
delivered from Egyptian bondage. Thus it is related to today’s Torah portion.
(V.2) In his
preface, the Psalmist says that his heart is stirred (overflowing) with a
tov / good theme, and then his tongue is the pen of a skillful scribe.
This is seen as opposite to the usual poet, who fits thoughts into previously
selected words and phrases. The Psalmist’s heart is moved by God’s Spirit to
sing prophetic understandings with skillful words of beauty.
was not naturally of desired beauty among men (Isaiah 53:2), here He is seen as
beautiful beyond other men, His words are charming, and He is blessed for
eternity! Other Scriptures also portray Him prophetically as beautiful: “Your
eyes will see the King in His beauty” – Isaiah 33:17.
truth and meekness and righteousness will lead His right hand (His great power)
to do wondrous things.
kingship is forever, and the rod of His power is righteousness. Under the
Renewed Covenant, we will serve wholeheartedly in love under righteous leading.
will fall beneath Him. When He comes to reign, all of the seventy nations of
this world will fall, and become the one Kingdom of Messiah. This is what we
portray in the Feast of Tabernacles: during the seven days, seventy bulls are
offered representing the seventy nations; then, on the Eighth Day, one bull is
offered representing the Kingdom of Messiah.
O daughter, give attention and incline your ear: forget your people and your
father's house; then the King will desire your beauty. Because He is your Lord,
bow down to Him.”
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who chose us from among all peoples by
giving us Your Torah.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
v’daber alechem Pharaoh lemor t’nou lachem mophet /
When speaks to-you
Pharaoh, regarding working a miracle)
Reader 1* Amen. 8 Now Yahweh spoke
to Moses and Aaron, saying, 9 "When Pharaoh speaks to you, saying,
'Work a miracle,' then you shall say to Aaron, 'Take your staff and throw it
down before Pharaoh, that it may become a serpent.'" 10 So Moses and
Aaron came to Pharaoh, and thus they did just as Yahweh had commanded; and Aaron
threw his staff down before Pharaoh and his servants, and it became a serpent.
11 Then Pharaoh also called for the wise men and the sorcerers, and
they also, the magicians of Egypt, did the same with their secret arts. 12
For each one threw down his staff and they turned into serpents. But Aaron's
staff swallowed up their staffs.
Reader 2* Amen. 13 Yet Pharaoh's
heart was hardened, and he did not listen to them, as Yahweh had said. 14
Then Yahweh said to Moses, "Pharaoh's heart is stubborn; he refuses to let the
people go. 15 "Go to Pharaoh in the morning as he is going out to the
water, and station yourself to meet him on the bank of the Nile; and you shall
take in your hand the staff that was turned into a serpent. 16 "You
shall say to him, 'Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, sent me to you, saying, "Let
My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness. But behold, you have not
listened until now."
Reader 3* Amen. 17 'Thus says
Yahweh, "By this you shall know that I am Yahweh: behold, I will strike the
water that is in the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be
turned to blood. 18 "The fish that are
in the Nile will die, and the Nile will become foul, and the Egyptians will find
difficulty in drinking water from the Nile."'" 19 Then Yahweh said to
Moses, "Say to Aaron, 'Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters
of Egypt, over their rivers, over their streams, and over their pools, and over
all their reservoirs of water, that they may become blood; and there will be
blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood and in vessels
of stone.'" 20 So Moses and Aaron did even as Yahweh had commanded.
And he lifted up the staff and struck the water that was in the Nile, in the
sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants, and all the water that was in
the Nile was turned to blood. 21 The fish that were in the Nile died,
and the Nile became foul, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the
Nile. And the blood was through all the land of Egypt.
Reader 4* Amen. 22 But the
magicians of Egypt did the same with their secret arts; and Pharaoh's heart was
hardened, and he did not listen to them, as Yahweh had said. 23 Then
Pharaoh turned and went into his house with no concern even for this. 24
So all the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, for they could not
drink of the water of the Nile. 25 Seven days passed after Yahweh had
struck the Nile.
Reader 5* Amen. 8:1
Then Yahweh said to Moses, "Go to Pharaoh and say to him, 'Thus says Yahweh,
"Let My people go, that they may serve Me. 2 "But if you refuse to
let them go, behold, I will smite your whole territory with
frogs. 3 "The Nile will swarm with
frogs, which will come up and go into your house and into your bedroom and on
your bed, and into the houses of your servants and on your people, and into your
ovens and into your kneading bowls. 4 "So the frogs will come up on
you and your people and all your servants."'" 5 Then Yahweh said to
Moses, "Say to Aaron, 'Stretch out your hand with your staff over the rivers,
over the streams and over the pools, and make frogs come up on the land of
Egypt.'" 6 So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt,
and the frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt.
Reader 6* Amen. 7
The magicians did the same with their secret arts, making frogs come up on the
land of Egypt. 8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron and said,
"Entreat Yahweh that He remove the frogs from me and from my people; and I will
let the people go, that they may sacrifice to Yahweh." 9 Moses said
to Pharaoh, "The honor is yours to tell me: when shall I entreat for you and
your servants and your people, that the frogs be destroyed from you and your
houses, that they may be left only in the Nile?" 10 Then he said,
"Tomorrow." So he said, "May it be according to your word, that you may know
that there is no one like Yahweh our God. 11 "The frogs will depart
from you and your houses and your servants and your people; they will be left
only in the Nile."
Reader 7* Amen. 12
Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried to Yahweh concerning
the frogs which He had inflicted upon Pharaoh. 13 Yahweh did
according to the word of Moses, and the frogs died out of the houses, the
courts, and the fields. 14 So they piled them in heaps, and the land
became foul. 15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, he
hardened his heart and did not listen to them, as Yahweh had said. 16
Then Yahweh said to Moses, "Say to Aaron, 'Stretch out your staff and strike the
dust of the earth, that it may become gnats
through all the land of Egypt.'" 17 They did so; and Aaron stretched
out his hand with his staff, and struck the dust of the earth, and there were
gnats on man and beast. All the dust of the earth became gnats through all the
land of Egypt. 18 The magicians tried with their secret arts to bring
forth gnats, but they could not; so there were gnats on man and beast. 19
Then the magicians said to Pharaoh, "This is the finger of God." But Pharaoh's
heart was hardened, and he did not listen to them, as Yahweh had said.
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who in giving us Yeshua, the Living
Torah, has planted everlasting life in our midst.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, giver of the
"Blessed are You, Yahweh our God, King
of the Universe,
Who selected good prophets, delighting
in their words which were spoken truthfully.
Blessed are You, Yahweh, Who chose the
Torah, Your servant Moses, Your people Israel,
and the prophets of truth and
Reader 8* Amen. 1
"For behold, in those days and at that time, When I restore the fortunes of
Judah and Jerusalem, 2 I will gather all the nations and bring them
down to the valley of Jehoshaphat. Then I will enter into judgment with them
there on behalf of My people and My inheritance, Israel, whom they have
scattered among the nations; and they have divided up My land. 3
"They have also cast lots for My people, traded a boy for a harlot and sold a
girl for wine that they may drink. 4 "Moreover, what are you to Me, O
Tyre, Sidon and all the regions of Philistia? Are you rendering Me a recompense?
But if you do recompense Me, swiftly and speedily I will return your recompense
on your head. 5 "Since you have taken My silver and My gold, brought
My precious treasures to your temples, 6 and sold the sons of Judah
and Jerusalem to the Greeks in order to remove them far from their territory,
7 behold, I am going to arouse them from the place where you have
sold them, and return your recompense on your head.
Psalm 45 (To be sung.)
For the choir director; according to the Shoshannim. A Maskil
of the sons of Korah. A Song of Love.
1 My heart overflows with a good
theme; I address my verses to the King; my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.
2 You are fairer than the sons of men; grace is poured upon Your
lips; therefore God has blessed You forever. 3 Gird Your sword on
Your thigh, O Mighty One, in Your splendor and Your majesty! 4 And in
Your majesty ride on victoriously, for the cause of truth and meekness and
righteousness; let Your right hand teach You awesome things. 5 Your
arrows are sharp; the peoples fall under You; Your arrows are in the heart of
the King's enemies. 6 Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; a
scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom. 7 You have
loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, Your God, has anointed
You with the oil of joy above Your fellows. 8 All Your garments are
fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; out of ivory palaces stringed
instruments have made You glad. 9 Kings' daughters are among Your
noble ladies; at Your right hand stands the queen in gold from Ophir. 10
Listen, O daughter, give attention and incline your ear: forget your people and
your father's house; 11 then the King will desire your beauty.
Because He is your Lord, bow down to Him. 12 The daughter of Tyre
will come with a gift; the rich among the people will seek your favor. 13
The King's daughter is all glorious within; her clothing is interwoven with
gold. 14 She will be led to the King in embroidered work; the
virgins, her companions who follow her, will be brought to You. 15
They will be led forth with gladness and rejoicing; they will enter into the
King's palace. 16 In place of your fathers will be your sons; You
shall make them princes in all the earth. 17 I will cause Your name
to be remembered in all generations; therefore the peoples will give You thanks
forever and ever.
Reader 9* Amen. 1
Then I heard a loud voice from the temple, saying to the seven angels, "Go and
pour out on the earth the seven bowls of the wrath of God." 2 So the
first angel went and poured out his bowl on the
earth; and it became a loathsome and malignant sore
on the people who had the mark of the beast and who worshiped his image. 3
The second angel poured out his bowl into the
sea, and it became blood like that of a dead man; and every living thing in the
sea died. 4 Then the third angel
poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of waters; and they became
blood. 5 And I heard the angel of the
waters saying, "Righteous are You, who are and who were, O Holy One, because You
judged these things; 6 for they poured out the blood of saints and
prophets, and You have given them blood to drink. They deserve it." 7
And I heard the altar saying, "Yes, O Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous
are Your judgments."
Reader 10* Amen. 8
The fourth angel poured out his bowl upon the
sun, and it was given to it to scorch men with fire.
9 Men were scorched with fierce heat; and they blasphemed the name of
God who has the power over these plagues, and they did not repent so as to give
Him glory. 10 Then the fifth angel
poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became
darkened; and they gnawed their tongues because
of pain, 11 and they blasphemed the God of heaven because of their
pains and their sores; and they did not repent of their deeds.
Reader 11* Amen. 12
The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great
river, the Euphrates; and its water was dried up,
so that the way would be prepared for the kings from the east. 13 And
I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon and out of the mouth of the beast
and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits like frogs;
14 for they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to
the kings of the whole world, to gather them together for the war of the great
day of God, the Almighty. 15 ("Behold, I am coming like a thief.
Blessed is the one who stays awake and keeps his clothes, so that he will not
walk about naked and men will not see his shame.") 16 And they
gathered them together to the place which in Hebrew is called Har-Magedon.
17 Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl upon the air, and a loud voice
came out of the temple from the throne, saying, "It is done."
"Blessed are You, Yahweh
our God, King of the Universe,
Rock of Ages, righteous
throughout all generations.
You are the faithful God,
promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,
for all Your words are true
Faithful are You, Yahweh
our God, and faithful are Your words,
for no word of Yours shall
You are a faithful and
merciful God and King.
Blessed are You, Yahweh our
God, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words."