“Where there is no vision, the people
perish: but he who observes Torah, happy is he.” - Proverbs 29:18
A pastor I
know was visiting a rabbi friend, when the pastor asked, “What do
you believe heaven is like?” The rabbi responded, “Where the
righteous dwell for eternity, one may study Torah all day long,
without ever having need to stop for sleeping or eating or
anything.” The pastor then asked, “And what do you believe hell will
be like?” The rabbi responded, “The wicked will have to study Torah
all day long, without being able to stop to rest or drink or
The goal of
Sabbath keeping is to know and love Messiah.
“Messiah is the goal of the Torah, to make righteous everyone
that believes.” This was written after Yeshua's crucifixion,
resurrection, and ascension; it says that the goal of the Torah
is (still) Messiah.
orthodox rabbi said similarly,
“The coming of Mashiach is not a peripheral addendum to the Jewish
people's service of G-d through the Torah and its commandments;
rather, the coming of Mashiach is its core, the goal to which all
else leads. So long as Mashiach has not yet come, the intent
of creation has not been realized, and the universe has not
fulfilled its destiny.”
that all of the law and prophets hang on these two commandments:
Love Yahweh your God and your neighbor as yourself. The first five
of the Ten Commandments show how we are to love God. The last five
show how we are to love our neighbor. Observing Sabbath, the fourth
commandment, is a part of loving God, according to Messiah’s own
Messiah is the
goal of the Torah’s Sabbaths!
The Sabbath Day is a memorial to Messiah as creator and sustainer.
“For by Him
(Messiah) were all things created . . . and by Him all things are
sustained” - Colossians 1:16-17. This is what we remember by
keeping God’s Sabbath.
The faith that
is a gift of God (Ephesians 2:8) produces action, for faith without
works is dead (James 2:20, 26). The Ten Commandments (Exodus 20 and
Deuteronomy 5) indicate the nature of actions that are the fruit of
faith: "whatsoever is not of faith" (Romans 14:23), is “the
transgression of the law” (I John 3:4), these two statements being
synonymous definitions of sin.
first commandment requires belief in God.
second forbids idol worship. It is the fruit of believing Yahweh is
one, the only God.
third forbids vain use of His Name. It is the fruit of revering His
fourth commandment, as stated in Exodus, tells us to “remember
the Sabbath, to keep it separate” as the fruit of believing that
He created the world in six days, and blessed the seventh day
and .made it separate. Thus the Sabbath is an eternal memorial of
God as the creator.
fourth commandment, as stated in Deuteronomy, tells us to “observe
the Sabbath Day and keep it separate,” in remembrance of our
deliverance from Egypt. This is a memorial of the God who is
involved in the affairs of men, the God who created with purpose. On
this day we are told to abstain from common labor: to rest.
In what sense do we rest?
did not need rest after six days of creating (Isaiah 40:28). Adam
should not have needed to rest immediately following his creation at
the end of the sixth day. So why then are various categories
of work forbidden on Sabbath?
Sabbath is to be kept holy. That means that it is a day to set aside
for the worship of our creator and savior, set aside from our usual
weekly labors. Work on the Sabbath should basically be limited to
worship activities, and those things that are necessary to sustain
life – such as preparation of food and medical care that cannot be
performed on previous days. The first six days of the week are for
preparation for worship on the Sabbath, Sabbath being the goal of
from creating on the Seventh Day. So we are to rest from using our
creative intelligence and skill. We are to be at peace with creation
for the day. Then we can understand the greeting of Sabbath peace,
“Shabbat shalom!” (from Aryeh Kaplan)
God finished His creation on the Seventh Day (Genesis 2:2). The
Midrash asks, If God rested on the Seventh Day, how could He have
finished on the same day? It answers, on the Seventh Day He created
rest. God does not change. Therefore, serenity and tranquility are
an imitation of His attributes. On the Seventh Day, God added
tranquility and harmony to the world. It was no longer in the
process of change, and so partook of God's serenity, and became
“Holy and Blessed”.
thus was able to partake of God's timelessness. Without evening and
it represents the Day of Eternity (Exodus 31:17). The Hebrew word
Shabbat (Sabbath) is related to the word shevet - to
dwell; on the Sabbath, God made the world His dwellingplace.
Sabbath mitzvah (commandment) is rest - not doing. All other
mitzvot require our efforts to be holy. In reserving the
for worship, when we rest, it is God that makes us holy: “You shall
keep My Sabbaths . . . that you may know that I am Yahweh (the
Eternal who is gracious), who makes you holy” (Exodus 31:13).
The Sabbath Day is a prophetic picture of the Messianic Kingdom
Paul said to a gentile congregation, as we read in Colossians
“Let no man
condemn you . . . for observing the Torah Festivals, Rosh
Hodesh (Head-of-the-month), or Sabbaths, for these are a
prophetic shadow of things to come, and Messiah (for whom we are
looking) is the body casting the shadow!”
The KJV translation reads, "Let no
man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an
holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a
shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ." This is
sometimes used to teach that we may freely choose whatever days we
wish for holydays and sabbaths, and no one has a right to question
our judgment. However, the term “judgment” here means
condemnation, and refers to condemnation of gentile believers
for keeping Jewish - or rather Biblical - Festivals and Sabbaths.
Kingdom age is the millennial (thousand year) period when Satan will
be bound and Messiah Yeshua will reign on this earth. Ancient Hebrew
literature frequently speaks of this being the seventh millennium.
Technically, that would begin with the Year of the World 6001; we
are now approaching the end of the sixth millennium - AM 5766
by the most accepted calendar calculation from scripture. However,
we may be much closer to the Messianic Age than this Hebrew calendar
year would imply.
us, “Sanctify (make separate) My Sabbaths; and they shall be a sign
between Me and you, that you may know that I am the Lord your God.”
On Erev Shabbat, that is on Friday before sunset as the Sabbath
approaches each week, we pronounce a blessing and light Sabbath
candles. For Havdallah, that is after Saturday’s sunset at the end
of each Sabbath, we pronounce a blessing and light a special bright
candle, then extinguish it in a glass of grape juice or wine. By
lighting fires just before and after the Sabbaths, we symbolically
“make separate (God’s) Sabbaths” – during which we are forbidden to
symbolic means of sanctifying the Sabbath seems prophetic: the
Sabbath Millennium will be preceded by the fires of war of the great
tribulation (Erev Shabbat). It will be followed by fire from heaven
being quenched in the blood of the wicked (Havdallah). There will be
a thousand years of Shabbat Shalom (Sabbath peace) between the fires
that make the Sabbath separate.
age is called Yom SheKulo Shabbat - the day when all will be
Sabbath. The weekly Sabbath is a rehearsal for that great day. As
the Talmud says, “He who prepares on Friday will eat on the
Sabbath,” so should we prepare for the age to come. Emmanuel (God
with us) is coming to shevet / dwell on earth with us!
Day is a picture of the Messianic Kingdom. It is not a detailed
picture, but a prophetic shadow picture.
Day of Eternity
In the Genesis
account of creation, the seventh day had no evening and morning.
God's rest from His creative activity has continued to this day. In
the Revelation account, those who are raised in the first
resurrection will live through the Millennial Sabbath on this earth,
and then through eternity on the New Earth; that is, their Sabbath
will extend into eternity.
repeatedly in Psalm 37, which was quoted by Yeshua in Matthew 5,
that the meek shall inherit the earth, and dwell therein forever,
and delight themselves in the abundance of peace - the shalom of the
Sabbath Day of eternity.
In John 14:2
we read that Yeshua was going to prepare a place for us. In
Revelation 21 we read that the prepared place - the New Jerusalem,
is coming to an earth renewed by fire, where God (Emmanuel) will
dwell with His people and be their God. We also find here that the
items mentioned in Genesis as being in the Garden of Eden are
restored to earth, such as the tree of life, and the river of living
water (Rev 22). In this restored Garden of Eden (also called
our Sabbath will continue to eternity.
3. Today is our Preparation Day
for the Sabbath of Messiah
We also read
in Revelation 21:7-8, “He that overcomes shall inherit all things;
and I will be his God, and he shall be my son. But the fearful, and
unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers,
and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part
in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone: which is the second
death.” We must be prepared if we are to enter that great Sabbath,
which will continue into eternity for the righteous.
know Sabbath by reading lists of prohibitions; one must prepare
ahead for the needs of the day and then enter into rest. So also,
concerning the coming millennial rest, it is written, “Let us labor
therefore to enter into His rest” (Hebrews 4:11). We prepare by
learning to trust Messiah and by following His Word – by overcoming
sin, and thus growing in faith.
The purpose of
resting on the Sabbath is for setting the whole day apart to worship
God. It is for becoming spiritually renewed for the coming week. It
is not given for recuperating from the previous six-day’s mundane
The goal of
Sabbath observance is to see a vision of the Messiah who created the
world in seven days, and to see a vision of the Messiah’s coming
kingdom. The goal of the Torah is Messiah. Sabbath is a shadow
picture concerning Messiah. And when we are in the Messianic
Kingdom, we will still observe the memorial seventh day Sabbath
Do we delight
to do something that is a memorial to Yeshua as creator, and also
prophetic of His coming kingdom, and that keeps a picture of Him
Shabbat Shalom - May your Sabbath be peaceful and
Sabbath may be seen as the most important of the Biblical Holy Days,
and is the only one requiring the death penalty for non-observance.
It is the one most obviously applying to the whole world: God
created man just before the Holy Sabbath, and Yeshua said that the
Sabbath was created for man.
created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him;
male and female He created them. . . . And there was evening and
there was morning, the sixth day.” “By the seventh day God completed
His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from
all His work which He had done. Then God blessed the seventh day and
sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God
had created and made” – Genesis 1:27-31, 2:2-3.
said to them, ‘The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for
the Sabbath’ ” – Mark 2:27.
weekly Sabbath is rehearsing the whole seven millennium outline of
the world’s history, past to future. Observing the other festivals
is rehearsing, in greater detail, incidents of shorter duration
within the seven millennium span.
Partaking in the Passover seder is particularly a memorial of
Yeshua’s crucifixion (Luke
22:19, 1 Corinthians 11:24-25), as well
as Israel’s deliverance from Egypt
(Deuteronomy 16:3), which portrays our
deliverance from sin by Yeshua. It may be considered “fulfilled,”
though there are aspects that are yet to be fulfilled.
celebration of Yom Teruah / the Day of Trumpeting is a
rehearsal for Yeshua’s prophetic return at the Last Trump, when the
righteous dead will be raised and crown Him King. If this is
“already fulfilled,” then we must have missed the return of Messiah
and the resurrection of the righteous!
chart is to show the relationship of the Biblical week of creation
to the seven-millennium span of the world.
For enlargement see
Explanations / Responses to
comes from the Hebrew word Shabbat. The same root word
applies to the number seven, and also to rest. Shabbat
usually refers to the seventh day of the week – the day being from
sunset to sunset. It is also used to refer to the week itself: the
first day of the week is called “the first of the sabbath,” the
second day “the second of the sabbath,” and so on. While the weekly
Sabbath is always a Holy Day, there are seven other Holy Days that
are fixed annual dates; these Holy Days are days for worship, like
the weekly Sabbath – rest days, and are thus occasionally referred
to as Sabbaths or High Sabbaths, though they may fall on varying
days of the week.
The same three
Hebrew letters (shin-bet-tav) that spell Shabbat
(Sabbath) also spell shevet (seven) – only the pronunciation
shabbaton translates Sabbath of rest: see Exodus 31:15, 35:2,
Leviticus 23:3 which refers to the Seventh Day; Leviticus 16:31,
23:32 which refers to the Day of the Atonements (which may fall on
various days of the week); and Leviticus 25:4 which refers to the
of “sabbath” meaning week: Psalm 24 for “Sunday” is
called “The Psalm for the first day of the sabbath”, Psalm 48
for “Monday” is called “The Psalm for the second day of the
sabbath”, and etcetera – Talmud: Sukkah. The related Hebrew word
“shabua” is also used for week, as in Genesis 29:27.
Chaldee (Persia), Urdu (India), and Pashto (Afghanistan) retained
similar terms for days of the week, which translate one-of-the-sabbath,
two-of-the-sabbath, and etcetera.
seventh-day Sabbath has been called “The Day of Yahweh” for
thousands of years, based upon Torah. This is sometimes translated
“The Lord’s Day” (Revelation 1:10) by those who substitute (Greek)
“Adonai” / (English) “Lord” for God’s memorial name. Interpreting
the term as Sunday is a corruption that started after Yeshua’s time
on earth. The term “Day of Yahweh” is also used in reference to the
Sabbath Millennium, which will be great and terrible, or awesome and
glorious, depending upon one’s situation. The millennial Sabbath of
peace will be preceded by war, famine, and disease through which
most people on earth will die; it will be followed by fire from
heaven that will consume the nations’ armies.
Sabbath Day: “ . . call the Sabbath a delight, the Holy Day of
Yahweh honorable, and honor it, desisting from your own ways, from
seeking your own pleasure and speaking your own word.” – Isaiah
Sabbath Millennium: “The Day of Yahweh will be great and very
awesome” – Joel 2:11.
and postlude: “Behold, the Day of Yahweh is coming, cruel, with
fury and burning anger, to make the land a desolation, and He will
exterminate its sinners from it” – Isaiah 13:9.
Day of Yahweh draws near on all nations . . . And it will be holy,
and the House of Jacob (Israel) will possess their possessions . . .
But the House of Esau will be stubble, and they will set fire on
them and consume them” – Obadiah 1:15-18.
Synagogue versus Christianity & Church
2000 years ago as the prophesied Jewish Messiah; He did not come to
start a new religion. “Messiah” and “Christ” are synonymous, meaning
anointed to be Prophet, Priest, and/or King. “Christians” are
properly those who accept Yeshua as Prophet of Jerusalem (from
whence God’s Word emanates), Priest of the Most High God (Who bears
their sins and is to lead their worship), and King of Israel (Who is
to rule in their hearts and activities).
Hebrew word qehal was translated variously as sunagoge
and ekklesia in the Greek Septuagint, and thence as
synagogue and church (among other terms) in English. The
church has been in existence for more than 3700 years, since the
exodus from Egypt. Yeshua said that He would “build up” His
church (Matthew 16:18), not start a new one. The ordinances of the
church make up one of three categories (judgments, ordinances, and
statutes) of Torah commandments, and this category includes
instructions for Yahweh’s Feasts (“Lord’s Supper” being a
translation of “Yahweh’s Feast), immersion in a miqvah
(baptism), Sabbath observance, and other outward portrayals of
spiritual matters. Paul, the Hebrew apostle to gentile churches,
said, “keep the ordinances as I delivered them to you” – 1
Corinthians 11:2. A new gentile church does not replace an ancient
Hebrew Israel; the church, from its ancient beginning, was composed
of Hebrews and gentiles, and was called Israel.
David are among the real “early church fathers” (rather than some
who lived as recently as 20 centuries ago). They are the ones to
whom God gave specific instructions for order of worship in the
Tabernacle for “the church in the Wilderness” (Acts 7:38), and in
Temple of the Holy One, which order is a pattern for the “little
sanctuary” – the synagogue/church (qehal).
the one who was in the church (ekklesia) in the wilderness . . . and
he received living oracles to pass on to you” – Acts 7:38.
on this living oracle for the church: “For six days work may be
done, but on the seventh day there is a Sabbath of rest (Shabbat
shabbaton), a sacred assembly (qodesh miqra).” – (Leviticus
preparations were made to build the “house of prayer for all
nations” (Isaiah 56:7), and through David worship service
instructions were given.
brought in the things that were dedicated by his father David . .
.and he put them in the treasuries of the House of Yahweh” – 1
“David . .
. set apart for the service some of the sons of Asaph and of Heman
and of Jeduthun, who were to prophesy with lyres, harps and cymbals
. . .” – 1 Chronicles 25:1.
are the last words of David . . . the man anointed by the God of
Jacob, David, the sweet psalmist of Israel: ‘The Spirit of Yahweh
speaks through me; His Words are upon my tongue’ ” – 2 Samuel
Psalm 92: “A Psalm, a song for the Sabbath day.”
took up God’s purview of the Holy Sabbath.
(Qadash – make holy) My Sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between
Me and you, that you may know that I am Yahweh your God.” –
(Jerusalem’s) priests have done violence to My law and have profaned
My holy things; they have made no distinction between the holy and
the profane, and they have not taught the difference between the
unclean and the clean; and they hide their eyes from My Sabbaths,
and I am profaned among them” – Ezekiel 22:26.
God does not
tolerate desecration of His ordinances, such as performing them with
erroneous purpose or including idolatrous practices. He says, “Bring
your worthless offerings no longer, your incense is an abomination
to Me. Your heads-of-the-month and Sabbath assemblies – I cannot
endure iniquity and the solemn assembly” – Isaiah 1:13. In Amos
5:21, 26 God said “I hate, I reject your festivals . . .”
because of the inclusion of idolatry.
Yeshua and His
apostles observed the Sabbaths, their customs including the “sacred
assembly” – synagogue attendance. Paul participated in the
traditional havdallah service.
came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up; and as was His
custom, He entered the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood up to
read” – Luke 4:16.
first day of the week, when we were gathered together to break
bread, Paul began talking to them, intending to leave the next day,
and he prolonged his message until midnight. There were many lamps
in the upper room where we were gathered together” – Acts
20:7-8. This is a traditional havdallah service, with
breaking of bread, use of lamps, and teaching, that follows the end
of the Sabbath on Saturday night: “On the first day of the week .
. . until midnight” was the first six hours of the first day of
the week – which we now call Saturday night.
from Perga, (Paul and his companions) arrived at Pisidian Antioch,
and on the Sabbath day they went into the synagogue and sat down”
– Acts 13:14.
Scripture indicates such a change, a common reason given for
changing from Sabbath to Sunday is that Yeshua was raised from the
grave on Sunday at sunrise. The Holy Scriptures do not even state
that Yeshua was raised on the first day of the week. [Our Passover
Hagaddah teaches how Yeshua was raised late on the Sabbath, three
days and three nights after a “Wednesday afternoon” crucifixion.]
Note, that according to all four Gospels, Yeshua was raised and gone
when the women came before sunrise on the first day of the week.
the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first-of-the-sabbath
(before the twelfth hour of the night on the first day of the week),
Mary of Magdala and the other Mary came to look at the grave. And
behold, a severe earthquake had occurred, for an angel of the Lord
descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone and sat
upon it. And his appearance was like lightning, and his clothing as
white as snow. The guards shook for fear of him and became like dead
men. The angel said to the women, ‘Do not be afraid; for I know that
you are looking for Yeshua who has been crucified. He is not here,
for He has risen, just as He said. Come, see the place where He was
lying. Go quickly and tell His disciples that He has risen from the
dead; and behold, He is going ahead of you into Galilee, there you
will see Him; behold, I have told you.’ ” – Matthew 28:1-7.
on the first-of-the-sabbath (the first day of the week), they
came to the tomb . . . ‘He is not here . . . He is going
ahead of you to Galilee’ ” – Mark 16:2, 6-7.
He had risen, early on the first-of-the-week . . .” – Mark 16:9.
This verse is sometimes translated to sound like He had risen
early on the first-of-the-week: such interpretation cannot be
backed by the Greek text.
“But on the
first-of-the-sabbath (the first day of the week), at early
dawn, they came to the tomb . . .” Two angels said, “Why do
you seek the living among the dead? He is not here . . .” – Luke
“Now on the
first-of-the-sabbath (the first day of the week), Mary of
Magdala came early to the tomb while it was still dark (before
the twelfth hour of the night).” She said, “They have taken away
my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him” – John
buried at the end of a Preparation Day of the Passover (Wednesday
afternoon), just before the High Sabbath. He was raised after three
days and three nights, at the end of the weekly Sabbath.
“Now it was
the Day of Preparation for the Passover . . . There they crucified
Him”. “Because it was the Day of Preparation, so that the
bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that
Sabbath was a High Day) . . .” – John 19:14, 18, 21
Yeshua said, “No
sign will be given to (this evil generation), but the sign of the
Prophet Jonah: for as Jonah was three days and three nights in the
belly of the fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three
nights in the heart of the earth” – Matthew 12:39-40.
Yeshua used a
complaint about healing on the Sabbath to prophesy of His own
Sabbath resurrection, saying: “What man among you who has a
sheep, if it falls into a pit, will he not raise it out on the
Sabbath?” – Matthew 12:11. God was among them, and His Lamb was
in a pit for three days, and He raised it out on the Sabbath.
term “deficient day” may be applied to violating a Sabbath
prohibition as breaking the whole Sabbath; it cannot be applied to
“Friday night to Sunday morning” as “three days and three nights.”
There was no such way of counting, and it would have made Yeshua’s “only
sign” a farce.
Instruction concerning Sabbath
Sabbath observance as it relates to tithing. The apostles agreed
that gentiles should learn Torah at synagogue Sabbath services. [Halachic
rulings are made by the judges of the synagogue (or of the
Sanhedrin); these are determinations of how we should walk (halach)
to fulfill Torah.] Paul told Gentiles to teach from the Psalms,
which are songs about Torah observance.
first-of-the-sabbath (the first day of the week) each one of
you is to put aside and save, as he may prosper, so that no
separations be made when I come” – 1 Corinthians 16:2. This is
the ancient halachic rule for Sabbath-keepers, that
concerning income during the six working days, one rests on the
Sabbath (no commercial or monetary dealings), and separates the
tithe on the first day of the following week (Mishnah: Shabbat).
There is nothing about a Sunday meeting or public collection here.
it is my judgment that we do not trouble those who are turning to
God from among the Gentiles, but that we write to them that they
abstain from things contaminated by idols and from fornication and
from what is strangled and from blood. For Moses from ancient
generations has in every city those who preach him, since he is read
in the synagogues every Sabbath” – Acts 15:19-21. This is the
apostolic halachic ruling for Gentiles who are turning from
idolatry to God. They are to leave their former gross idolatrous
practices, then learn God’s instruction (Torah) each Sabbath in
synagogue, as they are not expected to immediately know how to walk.
A Jewish group called The Circumcision was promoting a
requirement of complete Torah observance for salvation. James is not
implying that Torah is inapplicable to Gentiles.
person regards one day above another, another regards every day
alike” – Rom 14:5. There is no question here about whether or
not Sabbaths and annual Holy Days should be observed. A question of
the period was: is one kind of Holy Day superior to another? Do
weekly Sabbath regulations override annual Holy Day regulations, or
vice versa, or are they equal? Are some ordinances for an annual
Holy Day forbidden if it falls on the weekly Sabbath, or do they
override Sabbath prohibitions? These questions only arise if one is
observing Holy Days, and these questions arise in observant groups
to this day.
is dealing with “traditions of men” (v.8) in contrast to the
ordinances of God (v.16) – the seventh-day Sabbath, the
head-of-the-month observance, and the annual “Feasts of Yahweh” (see
Leviticus 23). We are taught here to let neither traditions of men
nor the condemnation of men to sway us from observing God’s
ordinances which constitute an eternal (Leviticus 23:14, 21, 31, 41)
shadow-picture cast by Messiah Himself.
that believers should “teach and admonish one another with
Psalms, Hymns, and Spiritual Songs” – Colossians 3:16. The 150
Psalms are divided into five books: Psalms 1-41 and 42-72 are two
Books of Psalms, Psalms 73-89 make up the Book of Hymns, and Psalms
90-106 and 107-150 are the two Books of Spiritual Songs. Teaching
and admonishing with these Psalms means teaching Torah observance,
including Sabbath observance, since that is what the Psalms are
Sabbath Observance Ordained
gave instructions to observe Sabbaths, heads-of-the-months, and His
Feasts in the future Messianic age.
“ ‘When I
bring (the House of Israel) back from the peoples and gather them
from the lands of their enemies, then I shall be sanctified through
them in the sight of the many nations. Then they will know that I am
Yahweh their God because I made them go into exile among the
nations, and then gathered them again to their own land; and I will
leave none of them there any longer.’ ”
Millennial Temple, “Thus says Lord Yahweh, ‘The gate of the inner
court facing east shall be shut the six working days; but it shall
be opened on the Sabbath day and opened on the day of the
head-of-the-month. The prince shall enter by way of the porch of the
gate from outside and stand by the post of the gate. Then the
priests shall provide his burnt offering and his peace offerings,
and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate and then go out;
but the gate shall not be shut until the evening. The people of the
land shall also worship at the doorway of that gate before Yahweh on
the Sabbaths and on the heads-of-the-months. The elevation offering
which the prince shall offer to Yahweh on the Sabbath day shall be
six lambs without blemish and a ram without blemish; and the grain
offering shall be an ephah with the ram, and the grain offering with
the lambs as much as he is able to give, and a hin of oil with an
ephah. On the day of the head-of-the-month he shall offer a young
bull without blemish, also six lambs and a ram, which shall be
without blemish’ ” – Ezekiel 39:27-28; 46:1-7.
gave instructions to observe Sabbaths, heads-of-the-months, and His
Feasts on the future New Earth.
just as the new heavens and the new earth which I make will endure
before Me,’ declares Yahweh, ‘so your offspring and your name will
endure. And it shall be from head-of-the-month to head-of-the-month
and from Sabbath to Sabbath, all mankind will come to bow down
before Me,’ says Yahweh” – Isaiah 66:22-23.
How can we be sure of the Day?